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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
3 parts of the broad ligament
mesometrium
mesoalpinx
mesovarium
mesometrium
supports uterine horns
mesoalpinx
supports the oviduct
mesovarium
supports the ovaries
What 2 hormones does the ovary produce?
estrogen and progesterone
4 types of follicles
primordial
primary
secondary
tertiary
primordial follicle
flattened follicle cells surrounding oocyte
primary follicle
have single layer of cells; usually form in groups
secondary follicle
more numerous follicle cells; have multiple layers; exist in groups
tertiary follicle
has an antrum; only type of follicle that you can see
granulosal cells
cellular layer lining the antrum
theca interna
layer of flattened cells outside of the basement membrane; has LH receptors
theca externa
Provides structural support and integrity to a tertiary follicle
antrum
fluid filled cavity that characterizes a tertiary follicle
ovulation
rupturing of the tertiary follicle; releases the egg
corpus hemorrhagicum
bloody clot that fills the cavity where the follicle used to be
corpus luteum
makes progesterone and oxytocin; formed after ovulation
tunica albuginea
connective tissue covering ovary
atretic follicle
dying follicle; dies by apoptosis; doesn't ovulate
Where do 85% of ovarian cancers originate from?
germinal epithelium (covering of the ovary)
2 types of smooth muscle found in the reproductive tract?
longitudinal and circular
3 functions of the oviduct?
gamete transport
supports early embryonic development
transport embryo to uterus
fimbria
fringe like structure at the end of the infindibulum
infindibulum
funnel like structure at the end of the oviduct
ostium
openning into the oviduct
ampulla
1st part of the oviduct tube; flat to the touch
isthmus
2nd part of the oviduct tube; muscular to the touch
What happens in the amullary-isthmic junction?
It's where fertilization occurs
utero-tubal junction
junction between uterus and oviduct
What is capacitation and where does it occur?
The process by which sperm becomes fertile in the female tract; occurs in the uterus
What characterises a bicornate uterus?
smaller uterine horns, uterine body, one cervix
What type of a uterus to bovines have?
bicornate
What hormone is produced in the uterus?
PGF2-alpha
caruncles
place where placenta attaches to uterus
3 functions of the cervix
transport of sperm
reservoir for sperm
birth canal
What does the uterus do during estrus?
Dilates and secretes large amounts of mucus
internal os
opens into uterus
external os
opens into vagina
fornix
cervical ring that extends into the vagina
What type of cell is found in the anterior vagina?
columnar epithelium
What type of cell is found in the posterior vagina?
stratified squamous epithelium
zona pellucida
thick coating surrounding the oocyte and early embryo