Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
chronic disease occurs in most women of reproductive age and is of little consequence; occurs when squamous mucosal proliferation blocks glandular crypt openings, forming nabothian cysts; causes inflammation, ulceration, and repair; acute disease may be symptomatic and is caused by various sexually transmitted infections
Endocervical Polyps
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
is a low-grade lesion involving disorganization and koilocytosis in the lower third of the epithelium, and often regress in immunocompetent hosts
involves changes in two thirds of the epithelium
occupies the entire epithelium and shows no maturation, frequently leading to invasive carcinoma and rarely showing regression
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of cervix; epidemiology, risk factors
one of the most common cancers in women, and a leading cause of death; occurs in middle adulthood; most commonly caused by HPV types 16 and 18
squamous cell carcinoma of cervix morphology
appears as an exophytic or ulcerated lesion with well-differentiated cells
squamous cell carcinoma of cervix pathology
spreads by invasion of local pelvic viscera and possibly to lymph nodes; morbidity and mortality occur by damage to local structures
Adenocarcinoma of cervix
accounts for a minority of cervical cancers caused by HPV types 16 and 18; carries a worse prognosis than squamous cell carcinoma
Clear Cell Carcinoma of cervix
occurs in women of early reproductive age; strongly associated with diethylstilbestrol exposure in utero
Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia
involves non-invasive atypical squamous proliferation; represents a precursor lesion to malignancy
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of vagina
primary vaginal tumors are rare; mostly associated with HPV infection; lesions from the upper vagina spread to pelvic nodes, and ones from the lower vagina spread to inguinal nodes
Adenocarcinoma of vagina
rare tumor associated with prenatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol
Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma (Sarcoma Botryoides)
occurs in young children; grows as a polypoid mass in the vaginal lumen; composed of a hypercellular zone with loose myxomatous stroma; may invade locally and produce urinary obstruction
Bartholin Gland Cysts
result from obstruction of the Bartholin duct, usually caused by an abscess formation; may cause a mass lesion with pain
inflammation of glands at the posterior introitus causes ulceration and pain
describes various inflammatory and neoplastic disorders that cause white, scaly plaques on the vulva; may be caused by lichen sclerosis or squamous hyperplasia; requires a biopsy to rule out neoplasm
Papillary Hidradenoma
benign tumor arising from modified apocrine sweat glands on the labia majora
Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia
non-invasive premalignant atypical squamous proliferation; related to HPV exposure
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of vulva
primary tumors are relatively rare on the vulva; younger women develop carcinoma in the context of infection by high-risk HPV types; older women tend to develop carcinoma with a background of lichen sclerosis or squamous hyperplasia, often with a worse prognosis in such cases
Extramammary Paget’s Disease
presents with itchy lesions on the labia majora; is frequently confined to the epidermis without an underlying carcinoma