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45 Cards in this Set

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physician who specializes in the study and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive system
whole region. collective designation for the external genitalia of the female, aka pudendum
made of: mons veneris, labia majora, labia minora, vestibule, perineum, & clitioris
another name for "vulva". collective designation for the external female genitalia
Mons Veneris or Mons Pubis
mound of fatty tissue over the female pubic bone. aka "mons pubis"- "pubic mound"
becomes covered with pubic hair after puberty
Labia Majora (outer lips)

Bigger Outside
two longitudinal folds of skin extending downward and backward from the mons pubis of the female. (meets at the perineum) fills with blood during sex, homologous to male scrotum
Labia Minora (inner lips)

Smaller Inside
two smaller pink skin folds situated between the labia majora and the vestibule.

more delicate, shorter, & thinner. contains o hair follicles. contain some erectile tissue protect vagina and urethra. will darken during sex
erectile organ of the female located under the prepuce; an organ of sexual pleasure. homologous to penis, supplied with blood vessels, nerve endings. twice the # of nerve endings as penis. higher concentration of nerve fibers than anywhere else on body. only human organ whose sole function is to bring sexual pleasure
loose fold of skin that covers the clitoris
secretions accumulate underneath prepuce aka material if not cleaned well. can harden, cause pain, produce unpleasant odor
Clitorectomy or Circumiion
clitoris surgically removed
ritual removal of the clitoris, prepuce, & labia and the sewing together of the vestibule
name for entire region between labia minora (including the urethra and introitus) and can e clearly seen when the labia are held apart
Urethral Meatus
Opening, or meatus, to the urethra lies between the vagina and the clitoris. brings urine from bladder to be excreted. shorter in women than men
Urinary Tract Infection
infection of the urinary tract, often resulting in a frequent urge to urinate, painful burning in the bladder or urethra during urination, and fatigue
Entrance to vagina. lies in the vestibule. usually covered at birth by a fold of tissue known as hymen
thin fold of vascularized mucous membrane at the vagina. usually perforated, menstrual flow leaves vagina and tampon is inserted. if intact, will ruture easily and tear at several pts during the first intercourse. Intact hymen = purity. but vigorous exercise, horseback, bike, masturbation, or tampons could shred the hymen.
Imperforate Hymen
usually detected bc her menstrual flow is blocked. an abnormally closed hymen that usually does not allow the exit of menstrual fluid.
Hymen reconstruction
procedure in which the mucous membranes in the vagina are sewn together to make a woman appear to be a virgin
Bartholin's glands or "greater vestibular glands"
bean-shaped glands whose ducts empty into the vestibule in the middle of the labia minora and hymen. can become infected from a cyst or abscess.
tissue between the vagina and anus. during childbirth the baby can stretch the perinueum, may tear or a dr may do an episiotomy

thin-walled tube extending from the cervix of the uterus to the external genitalia and serves as the female organ of intercourse, a passwagewa for menstrual fluid, sperm, an a newborn baby. approx. 4 inches in length when relaxed.
Grafenberg spot (G-Spot)

structure that is said to lie on the anterior (front) wall of the vagina and is reputed to be seat of sexual pleasure when stimulated

hollow muscular organ in females that is the site of menstruation, implantation of the fertilized ovum, and labor; aka the womb. size = 3 inches long, 2 inches wide. wall = 1 inch thick and made of 3 layers: perimetrium, myometrium, and endometrium
outer wall of the uterus
smooth muscle layer of the uterus
inner layer. mucous membrane lining the uterus
lowerportion of the uterus that contains the opening, or os, leading into the body of the uterus
opening of the cervix that allows passage between th vagina and the uterus
phase of the menstrual cycle in which an ovum is released
Fallopian Tubes (oviducts)
two ducts that ransport ova from the ovary to the uterus; aka oviducts
funnel -or trumpet-shaped open end of the fallopian tubes
branched, fingerlike border at the end of ea fallopian tube
to produce ova and to secret hormones. becomes smaller and firmer with age
Breasts or mammary glands
modified sweat glands that produce milk to nourish a newborn child
pigmented, wrinkled prouberance on the surface of the breast that contains ducts for the release of milk
pigmented ring around the nipple of the breast
Begins. collective name for milk creation, secretion, and ejection from the nipple
Signals milk synthesis. hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that initiates and maintains milk secretion
Allows milk to be ejected. hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates contraction of both the uterus for delivery of he newborn and the mammary gland ducts for lactation
German for "middle pain" a pain in the abdomen or pelvis that some women feel at ovulation
start of menstrual cycling, usuall during early puberty
Follicular phase
first phase of the menstrual cycle that begins after the last menstruation has been completed
Ovulation Phase
2d stage of the general menstrual cycle, when the ovum is released
Luteal Phase
3red phase of the menstrual cycle, following ovulation, when the corpus luteum forms
Corpus Luteum
yellowish endocrine gland in the ovary formed when a follicle has discharged its secondary oocyte