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21 Cards in this Set

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Poliomyelitis
Rabies
Arboviral Encephalitis
What are the viral diseases of the nervous system?
Poliomyelitis
What does organism or genus, picornavirus, cause?
Poliomyelitis
3 serotypes
Humans only known natural host.
Virus remains infectious outside the body in food or water.
Poliomyelitis
Subclinical polio = 90% of cases
Abortive polio = Slight fever, malaise, headache, sore throat, vomiting.
Nonparalytic polio = Same symptoms as abortive, with muscle tenderness and spasms.
Major polio = Polio that has effected the CNS.
Paralytic = 5-7 days after fever -> loss of superficial and deep reflexes, constipation; urine retention -> paralysis: Extent depends on degree of spinal cord damage.
Abortive polio
Slight fever, malaise, headache, sore throat, vomiting.
Paralytic =
5-7 days after fever -> loss of superficial and deep reflexes, constipation; urine retention -> paralysis: Extent depends on degree of spinal cord damage.
Nonparalytic polio
Same symptoms as abortive, with muscle tenderness and spasms.
Major polio
Polio that has effected the CNS.
Water contaminated with feces containing the virus.
How is poliomyelitis transmitted?
neurotropic
this terms means that it attracts the virus to the nervous system.
poliovirus
Sabin
Poliomyelitis
The prevention of this disease is to use a vaccine called salk. It contains killed _________. ________ is an oral vaccine which is weakened or attenuated live virus.

What disease is this for?
picornavirus
The organism that causes poliomyelitis is _________.
Rabies
What disease is caused by the organism, Rhabdovirus?
Rhabdovirus
"bullet shaped"
Can infect most warm blooded animals.

What is the genus?
Rabies
Virus enters through wound contaminated with saliva. Urine and blood can be infectious through mucous membranes or eye conjunctiva.
Rabies
burning at the bite site, fever, malaise, etc.

prodromal symptoms -> phase of excitation: Agitation, anxiety, aprrehension -> hydrophobia (spasms while trying to swallow, dehydration) -> paralysis, vascular collapse -> coma and death.

Name the disease.
Arboviral Encephalitis
Insect born encephalitis
Encephalitis
Acute inflammation of the brain.
Encephalitis
There are many forms or different names for this disease. SLE, WEE, EEE, CE, WNV.
Encephalitis
West Nile Virus is a form of this disease, ____________.
EEE (Eastern Equine Encephalitis)
What type of Encephalitis is the most severe? It causes neurological damage, brain damage, and deafness.