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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Urinary system
Name the system.

Kidney
Ureters
Urinary bladder
Urethra
Genital system
Name the system.

Reproductive organs
organs that support and nourish the developing fetus.
Urinary Tract Infection
What does UTI stand for?
Urethritis
Infection of the urethra
Cystitis
Infection of the bladder
Pylonephritis
Infection of the kidneys
Urinary Tract Infection
Frequency and Uregency to urinate

Dysuria
Nocturia
Bladder cramps and spasms
Dysuria
Difficulty or pain in urinating (burning feeling)
Nocturia
Incontinence

Involuntary voiding of urine at night

wetting the bed
Leptospirosis
What disease is caused by the organism, Leptospira?
Dogs and rats
What are the resevoirs of Leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis
Transmitted by skin/mucosal contact from urine-contaminated water.
Weil's disease
What disease is can develop from Leptospirosis that involves kidneys and liver becoming infected. Can lead to Kidney failure: may be fatal.
Bacteria
What type of organism causes Leptospirosis?
Gonorrhea
Name the disease that is caused by the genus, Neisseria.
Neisseria
What is the organism that cuases the disease, Gonorrhea?
STD
How is Gonorrhea transmiited?
Chlamydial Urethritis
What is another name for Nongonococcal urethritis?
Chlamydia
Name the organism that causes the disease, Chlamydial Urethritis?
STD
How is Chlamydial Urethritis transmitted?
Chlamydia
What type of organism causes Chlamydial Urethritis?
Salpingitis
What is the word for blockage of the fallopian tubes?
Pelvic inflammatory disease
What does PID stand for?
PID
Any extensive bacterial infection of the pelvic organs.
Chlamydial Urethritis
Males: Painful urination and watery discharge -> inflammation of the epididmymis may causes sterility.
Chlamydial Urethritis
Females:
burning sensation during urination
Inflammation of the cervix ( 1' site of infection), slight vaginal discharge -> may spread to fallopian tubes and cause BLOCKAGE/SALPINGITIS
Chlamydial Opthalmia
Inclusion conjunctivitis

Acquired by newborns burning passage through an infected birth canal.
Syphilis
What disease is caused by the genus, Treponema?
Treponema
Name the organism that causes Syphilis.
STD
How is Syphilis transmitted?
Primary syphilis
Name the disease (primary or secondary also)

Chancre (Painless ulcer at site of entry: often a genital organ)

Disappears after 2-6 wks
Secondary syphilis
Name disease (primary or secondary)

fever
swollen lymph nodes
skin rash
loss of hair
jaundice
Tertiary syphilis
gumma (soft, granular lesion)

gummas of the skin and bone
Gummas of the CNS (neurosyphilis) eyes heart -> insanity, blindness, death
Congenital Syphilis
Lesions
Poor bone structure
Hutchinson traid
Deafness
Impaired vision
Notched peg-shaped teeth
Genital herpes
What disease is caused by the herpes simplex virus?
ganglia
HSV2 remains latent in dorsal root _________.
Neonatal Herpes
Females with active genital herpes have ~40% chance of infecting their infant (during passage through the birth canal) Cesearian section recommended.

Skin lesions on newbon -> disseminate to CNS -> encephalitis
Hepetic Whitlow
Health care workers

Extremely painful and itchy lesions

Usually on one finger
HPV
Name the virus that causes genital warts.
HPV
Regarded as the most common STD.
Genital warts
Invades external and internal genital membranes (particularly prone to friction)
HPV
Associated with cancer of cervix and penis.