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29 Cards in this Set

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Food/Bacterial Intoxication
Results from ingesting contaminated

Symptoms occur rapidly 1-36 hours
Food/Bacterial Infection
Disease results from microbial growth in host tissues. Slower onset of symptoms.

symptoms: 1day - 2 wks
Staphylococcus food poisoning
Bacterial intoxication

Caused by Staph.

Produces: exotoxins
very heat stable

Rapid onset onset 1-6 hours after ingesting contaminated food.

Nausea
vomiting
diarrhea
cramps
Ingesting contaminated food.
How is Staph. food poisoning transmitted?
Bacillary Dysentery
What is another name for the disease, Shigellosis?
Bacillary Dysentery
Shigellosis
What disease is caused by the genus, shigella?
shigella
Name the genus that causes Shigellosis or Bacillary Dysentery.
Bacillary Dysentery
Produce exo and endotoxins (shiga toxin) which is the most potent.

Name disease.
Bacteria
What type of organism causes Bacillary Dysentery?
Intoxication
Is Bacillary Dysentery a food intoxication or food infection?
Infection
Is Salmonellosis a food infection or food intoxication?
Salmonellosis
What disease is caused by the genus, Salmonella?
Salmonella
Name the genus that causes Salmonellosis.
Salmonellosis
Produce ENDOTOXINS
2100+ serotypes
ALL are pathogenic to some degree.

Name disease.
Salmonellosis
Symp.: Bacteria multiply and die -> endotoxins are released -> moderate fever, nausea, cramps, diarrhea.

trans: Ingesting contaminated: poultry, eggs, egg products (ice cream, mayo, raw milk)

ALSO pet turtles
Proper cooking of poultry and eggs, disinfection of cutting surface (bread boards)
How would someone prevent themselves from getting Salmonellosis?
Salmonella
Name the genus that causes the disease Typhoid Fever.
Typhoid Fever
delirium
abdominal pain and distention
rash
constipation (diarrhea comes later)
Typhoid Fever
Can leave the GI tract (disseminate) and invade other organs (liver, spleen, gall bladder, lungs, lymph tissue, heart)

Name disease.
Contaminated food and water
Flies
Food handlers "Typhoid mary"
How is Typhoid Fever transmitted?
Vaccine
DNA probes of food
Cholecystectomy of carriers
How is Typhoid Fever prevented?
killed salmonella cells
What is the Typhoid Fever vaccine made of?
Cholera
What disease is caused by the genus, Vibrio?
Vibrio
Name the genus that causes Cholera.
Cholera
Name disease.

Produce Exotoxin and Enterotoxin.

Enterotoxin -> Increased permeability of intestinal wall -> body fluids and electrolytes are excreted, "rice water stools" -> sudden fluid loss (1 liter/hr - 3.2 gallons/day) -> blood thickens
Cholera
When blood thickens -> Organ dysfunction -> vomiting -> decreased blood to brain -> shock, collapse -> coma -> death.
Contaminated food and water
How is Cholera transmitted?
Vaccine
How is Cholera prevented?
Contaminated food and water

"Gay bowel syndrome" from anal sex
How is Bacillary Dysentery transmitted?