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98 Cards in this Set

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How does the US Census Beurau define a family?
TWO OR MORE PERSONS LIVING IN THE SAME HOUSEHOLD, RELATED BY BLOOD, MARRIAGE OR ADOPTION
What is the definition of a public family?
ONE OR TWO ADULTS, RELATED BY MARRIAGE OR SHARED PARENTHOOD, WHO ARE TAKING CARE OF DEPENDENTS
What is the definition of a private family?
TWO OR MORE PEOPLE WHO MAINTAIN AN INTIMATE RELATIONSHIP THAT THEY EXPECT TO LAST FOREVER

IN THE CASE OF PARENT AND KIDS, UNTIL THE CHILD REACHES ADULTHOOD

LIVE IN THE SAME HOUSE AND SHARE INCOME AND LABOR
What are some of the different sociological perspectives?
OPTIMISTIC VIEW
PESSIMISTIC VIEW
A MIDDLE COURSE
SOCIAL THEORIES AND FAMILY

What is the functionalist theory?
ATTEMPTS TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION OR USES OF THE MAIN WAYS IN WHICH A SOCIETY IS ORGANIZED
SOCIAL THEORIES AND FAMILY

What is the symbolic interaction theory?
FOCUSES ON PEOPLE'S INTERPRETATIONS OF SYMBOLIC BEHAVIOR
SOCIAL THEORIES AND FAMILY

What is the feminist theory?
FOCUSES ON THE DOMINATION OF WOMEN BY MEN
What is gender defined as?
THE SOCIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT DISTINGUISH WOMEN AND MEN IN A SOCIETY
What is the evolutionary psychology perspective?
THE VIEW THAT HUMAN BEHAVIOR CAN BE EXPLAINED IN TERMS OF EVOLUTIONARY PRESSURE TO BEHAVE IN WAYS THAT MAXIMIZE THE CHANGES OF REPRODUCTION
SOCIAL THEORIES AND FAMILY

What is the conflict theory?
FOCUSES ON INEQUALITY, POWER AND SOCIAL CHANGE
SOCIAL THEORIES AND FAMILY

What is the exchange theory?
VIEWS PEOPLE AS RATIONAL BEINGS WHO DECIDE WHETHER OR NOT TO EXCHANGE GOODS/SERVICES BY CONSIDERING THE BENEFITS THAT WILL RECEIVE, THE COSTS THEY WILL INSUR AND THE BENEFITS THEY MIGHT GET

IN OTHER WORDS, IS IT WORTH IT TO ME OR NOT
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

Who were hunters and gatherers?
PEOPLE WHO WANDER THROUGH FORESTS AND OVER PLAINS IN SMALL BANKS HUNTING ANIMAL AND GATHERING EDIBLE PLANTS
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

What is lineage defined as?
A KINSHIP GROUP IN WHICH DESCENT IS TRACED THROUGH EITHER THE FATHER OR THE MOTHER'S BLOODLINE
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

What is patrilineage?
DECENT IS THROUGH THE FATHER'S LINE
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

What is matrilineage?
DECENT IS THROUGH THE MOTHER'S LINE
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

What is a conjugal family?
KINSHIP GROUP OF HUSBAND, WIFE AND KIDS
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

What is an extended family?
CONJUGAL FAMILY AND OTHERS PRESENT IN THE HOUSEHOLD, GRANDPAS OR AUNTS AND UNCLE
ORIGINS OF FAMILY AND KINSHIP

What is a stem family?
KINSHIP GROUP OF PARENTS AND ONE CHILD WHO REMAINS AT HOME
What is the definition of polygyny?
IT'S A FORM OF POLYGYMY, A MAN IS ALLOWED TO HAVE MORE THAN ONE WIFE
What is the defintion of polyandry?
FORM OF POLYGYMY, WOMAN IS ALLOWED TO HAVE MORE THAN ONE HUSBAND
What is the familial mode of prouduction?
MEANS OF PRODUCTION IN WHICH THE FAMILY PRODUCES NEARLY ALL OF ITS OWN FOOD, CLOTHES AND WITH OTHER HELP, THE DWELLING
What is the labor market MOP?
A MEANS OF PRODUCTION IN WHICH PEOPLE WORK FOR PAY AND THUS PRODUCE LESS FOR THEIR OWN USE AT HOME AND BUY AND SELL MORE ON THE MARKET
What is the common size of a western family?
A MOM, DAD AND 2.5 KIDS
WHAT TIME PERIOD IS THIS FAMILY FROM?

Name used for a subset of all Native Americans, namely those who were living in the territory that later became the continental US
AMERICAN FAMILY BEFORE 1776
WHEN IS THIS FAMILY FROM?

Marriage was increasing based on affection and mutual respect rather than on male authority and custom.
MODERN AMERICAN FAMILY, 1776-1900
What was the primary role of a wife in earlier times?
TAKE CARE OF CHILDREN AND HOME, CAME TO BE SEEN AS MORALLY SUPERIOR TO MEN, HOME IS THE WOMEN'S SPHERE
Why has the number of children in families decreased?
KIDS NEED ATTENTION, AFFECTION AND LOVING CARE, FEWER CHILDREN=GREATER INVESTMENT OF EMOTION
What is the total fertility rate (TFR?)
AVERAGE NUMBER OF CHILDREN A WOMAN WILL BEAR OVER HER LIFETIME IF CURRENT BIRTH RATES REMAIN THE SAME
What is affective individualism?
OUTLOOK ON PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS THAT EMPHASIZE EMOTIONAL REWARDS EACH INDIVIDUAL MORE THAN THAT INDIVIDUALS OBLIGATION TO CARE FOR OTHERS

I WANT MY EMOTIONAL NEEDS FULFILLED NOW, I'LL WORRY ABOUT YOURS LATER
MEXICAN AMERICAN CULTURE

What is a bridewealth?
CUSTOM IN WHICH A PROSPECTIVE BRIDE-GROOM'S FAMILY MAKES GIFTS OF MONEY AND LIVESTOCK FOR THE BRIDE'S FAMILY
MEXICAN AMERICAN

What is a brideservice?
POSSIBLE BRIDE-GROOM AGREES TO WORK FOR A TIME FOR THE BRIDE'S FAMILY
MEXICAN AMERICAN

What is a metizo?
OERSON WHOSE ANCESTORS INCLUDE BOTH SPANISH AND NATIVE AMERICAN SETTLERS
MEXICAN AMERICAN

What is a compadrazgo?
A GODPARENT'S RELATIONSHIP IN WHICH A WEALTHY OR INFLUENTIAL PERSON OUTSIDE THE KINSHIP GROUP IS ASKED TO BECOME THE COMPADRE, OR GODPARENT, OF NEWBORN

USUALLY AT THE BAPTISM
MEXICAN AMERICAN

What is a barrio?
A SEGREGATED MEXICA-AMERICAN NEIGHBORHOOD IN A US CITY
ASIAN IMMIGRANT FAMILIES

What are remittances?
CASH PAYMENTS SENT BY IMMIGRANTS TO FAMILY MEMBERS IN THEIR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
ASIAN IMMIGRANT FAMILIES

What did the 1965 Immigrant Act enforce?
PASSED BY CONGRESS THAT ENDED RESTRICTIONS THAT HAD BLOCKED MOST ASIAN IMMIGRATION AND SUBSTITUED AN ANNUAL QUOTA
What is bilateral kinship?
A SYSTEM IN WHICH DECENT IS RECOGNIZED THROUGH BOTH THE MOTHER AND THE FATHER
What are some phenomena in private families from 1900- present?
SOCIAL WORK
ERA OF "SAVE THE CHILD"
"SEX O'CLOCK IN AMERICA"
What are some unique family eras?
DEPRESSION GENERATION
1950'S GENERATION
1960'S FAMILY AND BEYOND
Who are the baby boomers?
LARGE AMOUNT OF PEOPLE BORN BETWEEN THE 40S AND 50
What is a birth cohort?
PEOPLE BORN DURING A YEAR OR A PERIOD OF YEARS
What is the definition of cohabitation?
SHARING OF A HOUSEHOLD BY UNMARRIED PERSONS WHO HAVE SEXUAL INTERCOURSE
What is a life-course perspective?
STUDY OF CHANGES IN INDIVIDUALS LIVES OVER TIME AND HOW THAT IS RELATED TO HISTORICAL EVENTS
What is gender defined as?
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT DISTINGUISH MEN FROM WOMEN
What is sex defined as?
BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT DISTINGUISH MEN FROM WOMEN
In Native American culture, what is a berdache?
A MAN OR WOMAN WHO DRESSED LIKE, PERFORMED DUTIES OF AND LIVED LIKE A MEMBER OF THE OPPOSITE SEX
HORMONAL AND BIOSOCIAL INFLUENCES

What is gestation defined as?
THE NINE MONTH DEVELOPMENT OF THE FETUS INSIDE THE MOTHER'S UTERUS

ANDROGENS
What is the biosocial approach?
THE THEORY THAT GENDER ID AND BEHAVIOR ARE BASED IN PART ON PEOPLE'S INNATE BIOLIGCAL DIFFERENCES
What is a social role?
A PATTERN OF BEHAVIORS ASSOCIATED WITH POSITION IN SOCIETY
What is a gender role?
DIFFERENT SET OF BEHAVIORS THAT ARE COMMONLY EXHIBITED BY WOMEN AND MEN
PARENTAL SOCIALIZATION

What is the definition of socialization?
WAY IN WHICH ONE LEARNS THE WAYS OF A GIVEN SOCIETY OR SOCIAL GROUP
What is the socioligal approach to gender differences?
THEORY THAT GENDER IS AND BEHAVIOR ARE BASED ON KIDS LEARNING

REWARED FOR APPROPRIATE BEHAVIOR OF SEX, NOT FOR THOSE THAT ARE INAPPROPRIATE
What's the definition of a peer group?
GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE ROUGHLY THE SAME AGE AND STATUS AS ONE ANOTHER
What is the interactionist approach to gender differences?
THEORY THAT GENDER IID AND BEHAVIOR ARE BASED ON THE DAY TO DAY BEHAVIOR THAT REINFORCES GENDER DISTINCTIONS
What is patriarchy?
SOCIAL ORDER BASED ON THE DOMINATION OF WOMEN BY MEN, ESP. IN AGRICULTURAL SOCITIES
What is the psychoanalytical approach to gender differences?
THEORY THAT GENDER ID AND BEHAVIOR ARE BASED ON CHILD'S UNCONSCIOUS INTERNALIZATION OF THE QUALITIES OF SAME SEX PARENTS
In America, a social class is:
AN ORDERING OF ALL PERSONS IN A SOCIETY ACCORDING TO THEIR DEGREES OF POWER, PRESTIGE AND PRIVILEGE
In America, power is:
THE ABILITY TO FORCE A PERSON TO DO SOMETHING EVEN AGAINST HIS OR HER OWN WILL
In America, prestige is:
THE HONOR AND STATUS IN A SOCIETY
In America, privilege is:
A SPECIAL ADVANTAGE OR BENEFIT ENJOYED BY SOME INDIVIDUALS
What is the ideal type hypothetical model?
CONSISTS OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT CHARECTERISTICS IN EXTREME FORM, A SOCIAL PHENOMENON
SOCIAL CLASSES

What is the definition of upper class?
AMASSES PERSONAL WEALTH
SOCIAL CLASSES

What is the definition of middle class?
SECURE, COMFORTABLE INCOME
SOCIAL CLASSES

What is the definition of working class?
WHERE MINIMUM NEEDS ARE MET
SOCIAL CLASSES

What is the defition of lower class?
CAN NOT PROVIDE A DECENT LIFE NUTRIONALLY OR SHELTER-WISE
HOW ECONOMY EFFECTS FAMILIES

What is the defintion of a non-standard economic status?
EMPLOYMENT, NOT FULL TIME BUT IT INVOLVES PAY
HOW ECONOMY EFFECTS FAMILIES

What are some examples of temporary work?
CONSTRUCTION, VERY LIMITED WORK, ROOFING
HOW ECONOMY EFFECTS FAMILIES

Homeless families have what qualities?
THEY LACK STABILITY, BENEFITS AND INSURANCE
INCOME EQUALITY/INEQUALITY

Give me some examples of how the workforce is still equal or inequal.
MORE WOMEN ARE GOING TO COLLEGE MORE THAN MAN BUT STILL GETTING LESS MONEY

MEN DO MORE SKILLED LABOR THAN WOMAN (CONSTRUCTION)

MIDDLE CLASS WIVES ARE IN THE WORK FORCE, UPPER CLASS WOMEN USUALLY DON'T WORK
What is the distribution of family income?
PROPORTION OF THE TOTAL INCOME OF ALL FAMILIES IN THE NATION THAT EACH FAMILY GETS
What is defined as the poverty line?
A FEDERALLY DEFINED INCOME LIMIT, COST OF AN "ECONOMY" DIET FOR A FAMILY, MULTIPIED BY 3
What does relative poverty mean?
ON THE VERGE OF BECOMING POOR
POVERTY

What is an Ahm's house?
POOR HOUSES, PEOPLE GO AND TRY TO GET CARED FOR
POVERTY

What did President Johnson enforce in his war against poverty in 1935?
S.S., IT WAS INTENDED FOR WOMEN AND KIDS IF THEIR HUSBANDS PASSED AWAY
What are some poverty guidelines?
ONE PERSON- 9,000 OR LESS
TWO PERSON- 13,000 OR LESS
THREE PERSON- 16, 000 OR LESS
4 PERSON- 20,000 OR LESS
More detailed lower class definition
FAMILIES WHOSE CONNECTION TO THE ECONOMY IS SO TENUOUS THAT THEY CAN'T RELIABLY PROVIDE FOR A DECENT LIFE
What is women revered kinship?
KINSHIP STRUCTURE IN WHICH THE STRONGEST BONDS OF SUPPORT AND CARE GIVING OCCURE AMONG A NETWORK OF WOMEN
More detailed working class definition.
FAMILIES WHOSE INCOME CAN RELIABLY PROVIDE FOR ONLY THE MINIMUM NEEDS OF WHAT OTHER PEOPLE SEE AS A DECENT LIFE
More detailed middle class definition.
FAMILIES WHOSE CONNECTION TO THE ECONOMY PROVIDES THEM WITH A SECURE, COMFORTABLE INCOME AND ALLOWS THEM TO LIVE WELL ABOUT A SUBSTINANCE LEVEL
More detailed upper class definition.
OVER 500,000

FAMILIES THAT HAVE AMMASSED WEALTH AND PROVILEGE AND THAT OFTEN HAVE SUBSTANTIAL PRESTIGE AS WELL
What is an arranged marriage?
PARENTS FIND A SPOUSE FOR THEIR CHILDREN AND THEY ARE TO MARRY
What is centralizing women?
MAINTAIN THE LINKS AMONG KIN IN LARGE EXTENDED FAMILIES
What is the new second generation?
CHILDREN WHO ARE EITHER IMMIGRANTS THEMSELVES OR WERE BORN TO IMMIGRANTS AFTER THE FAMILIES ARRIVED IN THE US
What is the def. of race?
GENETICALLY TRANSMITTED PHYSICAL CHARACTERISITCS
What is the definition of ethnicity?
RELIGOUS, RACIAL, CULTURAL, NATIONAL GROUP
What is a racial-ethnic group?
PEOPLE WHO SHARE A COMMON IDENTITY AND WHOSE MEMBERS THING OF THEMSELVES AS DISTINCT FROM OTHERS BY VIRTURE OF ANCESTRY, CULTURE AND SOMETIMES PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Define the terfm Hispanic.
A PERSON LIVING IN THE US WHO TRACES HIS ANCESTRY TO LATIN AMERICA
Define African American.
A PERSON LIVING IN THE US WHO COMES FROM OR IS DESCENDED FRO PEOPLE FROM AN ASIAN COUNTRY
Define non-Hispanic white.
PEOPLE WHO IDENTIFY THEIR RACE AS WHITE, BUT DON'T THINK THEY'RE HISPANIC.
What is an union formation?
THE PROCESS OF BEGINNNING TO LIVE WITH A PARTNER THROUGH COHABITATION OR MARRIAGE
In the black community, why is there a decline in marriage?
EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS, LACK OF MARRIAGEABLE MEN, THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF GRANDPARETNS
What are mediating structures?
MID LEVEL SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND GROUPING, SUCH AS THE CHURCH, THE NEIGHBORHOOS, THE CIVIL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE FAMILY
What is the defintion of labor force?
ALL THE PEOPLE WHO ARE EITHER WOKING OUTSIDE TE HOME OR LOOKING FOR WORK
What is a transnational family?
FAMILIES THAT MAINTATIN COUNTINUAL CONTACT BETWEEN MEMBERS IN SENDING AND RECEIVING COUNTRIES
What is a consensual union?
COHABITATING RELATIONSHIP IN WHICH A COUPLE CONSIDER THEMSELVES TO BE MARRIED, BUT NEVER HAD A RELIOUS CEREMONY

PUERTO RICO
What is the definition of assimilation?
THE PROCESS OF IMMIGRANT GROUPS MERGING CULTURE AND THEIR BEHAVIOR WITH THAT OF THE DOMINANT GROUP IN HOST COUNTRY

CUBAN AMERICANS
What is an immigrant enclave?
A LARGE, DENSE WINGLE ETHNIC GROUP ALMOST SELF SUFFICEITN COMMUNITY
What is a social capital?
THE RESOURCES THAT A PERSON Cn CCESS THROUGH HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER PEOPLE

WHO DO YOU KNOW