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25 Cards in this Set

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What bones make up the pelvis?
The innominate bones (ilium, ischium, and pubis) and the sacrum.
What are the four main types of the female pelvis?
Gynecoid (round), platypelloid (oval), android (wedge), and anthropoid (oval-long)
What makes up the vulva?
Clitoris, labia minora, labia majora, mons, and vestibule.
What are the muscles of the vulva?
Superior transverse perineal, bulbocavernosus, and ischiocavernosus.
What is the uterus made up of?
The corpus and the cervix
Where do the fallopian tubes enter the uterus?
At the cornu
What are the three layers of the uterus?
Inner mucosal layer (endometrium), middle muscular layer (myometrium), and the superficial serosal layer (peritoneum)
What are the three sections of the fallopian tubes?
The isthmus, the ampulla, and the fimbria
What is the blood supply and venous return for the ovaries?
The blood supply is by the ovarian artery which comes directly off the aorta and runs through the infundibular (suspensory) ligament.

The venous return on the right is to the inferior vena cava and on the left it is to the left renal vein.
Where is estrogen metabolized?
Liver
What are the effects of estrogen outside of the menstrual cycle?
Contributes to secondary sex characteristics at puberty, particularly the pubertal growth spurt. It has an impact on cardiac function by reducing total plasma cholesterol, increasing HDL and decreasing LDL. It effects the immune system by suppressing cellular immune responses. Estrogen effects hematologic function by increasing coagulation factors in the liver. It also represses bone resorption by effecting osteoblasts.
What are the effects of progesterone outside of the menstrual cycle?
Progesterone impacts blood chemistry by decreasing HDL and increasing LDL. It is also a smooth muscle relaxant throughout the body.
Gravidity
Number of pregnancies a patient has had, including the current pregnancy
Parity
Outcome of pregnancies; subdivided into A/B/C/D
A = full term deliveries
B = preterm deliveries
C = abortions/ectopics/miscarriages
D = number of living children
LMP
First day of last menstrual period
EDC
Estimated date of confinement (delivery)
EGA
Estimated gestational age
At ______ weeks, the uterine fundus is palpable at the pubic symphysis.
12 weeks
At ________ weeks, the uterine fundus is palpable at the umbilicus.
20 weeks
What are the four cardinal questions of obstetrics?
Are you bleeding?
Has your water broken?
Are you having contractions?
Is the baby moving?
Presentation
Fetal part closest to the birth canal; cephalic/vertex or breech
Lie
Relation of the long axis of the fetus to the mother; longitudinal or transverse
Position
Relation of the fetal presenting part to right or left of the maternal pelvis; right or left
A patient is determined to be in labor when she has what?
Contractions causing cervical change
Leopold's maneuvers
Used to determined the size and orientation of the fetus