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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Scare Tactics
Manipulating the audience's sense of fear to lead them to a conclusion
Emotional fallacy
False Dilemma
Oversimplifying an issue by reducing it down to two choices
Emotional fallacy
Slippery Slope
Suggesting that a decision will start a chain reaction that will end in disasterous consequences
Emotional fallacy
Bandwagon
Reasoning that a particular opinion is right or wrong because lots of people agree
Emotional fallacy
Ad Populum
"To the people." Appealing to an individuals feelings of being part of a homogenized group
Emotional fallacy
Appeal to false authority
Saying that a claim is valid simply because someone says it's valid
Ethical fallacy
Ad hominem
"To the man." Attacking the opponent's personal qualities rather than the quality of his/her arguments
Ethical fallacy
Straw Man
Characterizing the opponent's position in a far-fetched and ridiculous fashion
Ethical fallacy
Hasty generalization
Drawing a conclusion based on too few examples
Logical fallacy
Post hoc
"After this, therefore because of this" Suggesting that one event caused another simply because one happened before the other.
Logical fallacy
Begging the question
Presenting a claim as fact without giving any support
Logical fallacy
Equivocation
Manipulating language to make the listener percieve a more acceptable meaning than the actual truth.
Logical fallacy
Non sequitur
"Does not follow." Giving a reason to back up a claim that doesn't have anything to do with the claim.
Logical fallacy
False analogy
Making a comparison to make a point when the two things being compared are fundamentally different.
Logical fallacy
Circular reasoning
Giving a reason to support a claim that is basically a reworded version of the claim
Logical fallacy
Red herring
The introduction of a side topic that has nothing to do with the topic being discussed
Logical fallacy