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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Asthma is a component of which triad of diseases?
A. Asthma, bronchitis, and nasal polyps
B. Asthma, nasal polyps, and allergy to aspirin
C. Asthma, nasal polyps, and allergy to pollen
D. Nasal polyps, allergy to aspirin, and bronchitis
B. Asthma, nasal polyps, and allergy to aspirin
Asthma involves a chronic inflammatory process that produces mucosal edema, mucous secretion, and:
A. airway inflammation.
B. airway obstruction.
C. serous edema.
D. mucous infections.
B. airway obstruction.
When a client comes in contact with an allergen, what is produced by B lymphocytes?
A. Histamine
B. Prostaglandin
C. Immunoglobulin E
D. Bradykinin
C. Immunoglobulin E
Which medications are regarded as weak bronchodilators?
A. Bradykinin and aminophylline
B. Theophylline and Inderal
C. Theophylline and propranolol
D. Theophylline and aminophylline
D. Theophylline and aminophylline
Asthma medications are categorized into which two major classes?
A. Long-term control and short-term control
B. Long-term control and quick-relief
C. Quick-relief and short-term control
D. Long-term control and quick-control
B. Long-term control and quick-relief
What can occur as a result of increased airway resistance secondary to bronchial mucosal edema or smooth muscle contraction?
A. Asthma
B. Pulmonary hypertension
C. Pulmonary embolus
D. COPD
D. COPD
Chronic respiratory infections contribute to the development of:
A. asthma.
B. pulmonary hypertension.
C. pulmonary embolus.
D. COPD.
D. COPD.
An increase in the size and number of submucous glands and goblet cells and impaired ciliary function are characteristics of:
A. asthma.
B. pulmonary embolus.
C. chronic bronchitis.
D. emphysema.
D. emphysema.
The three types of emphysema are:
A. centrilobar, panlobar, and paraseptal.
B. centrilobar, panseptal, and paralobar.
C. centrilobar, panlobar, and parathorax.
D. None of the above are correct.
A. centrilobar, panlobar, and paraseptal.
Regarding the treatment of emphysema, what treatment is used when the client has severe exertional or resting hypoxemia?
A. Theophylline
B. Aminophylline
C. Corticosteroids
D. Oxygen
D. Oxygen
An inflammation of the mucous membranes of the trachea and the bronchial tree is:
A. emphysema.
B. bronchiectasis.
C. chronic bronchitis.
D. tracheobronchitis.
D. tracheobronchitis.
Vena cava interruption with the insertion of a filter and pulmonary embolectomy are surgical interventions for:
A. pulmonary hypertension.
B. pulmonary embolus.
C. chronic bronchitis.
D. COPD.
B. pulmonary embolus.
13. During asthma attacks, clients are __________ and have marked respiratory effort.
Correct Answer: dyspneic
15. A severe, life-threatening complication of asthma is __________ __________.
Correct Answer: status asthmaticus
16. Mucosal inflammation is controlled through the use of __________ __________.
Correct Answer: inhaled corticosteroids
17. __________ refers to several disorders that affect the movement of air in and out of the lungs.
Correct Answer: COPD
18. __________ leads to permanent overdistention of the air spaces.
Correct Answer: Emphysema
20. __________ in both parenteral and oral forms are used to treat acute exacerbations
Correct Answer: Methylxanthines
25. Select whether the following definition or description relates to pulmonary embolus (A) or pulmonary hypertension (B): Occurs in young adults age 30 to 40 years.
A. Pulmonary embolus
B. Pulmonary hypertension
B. Pulmonary hypertension
27. Select whether the following definition or description relates to pulmonary embolus (A) or pulmonary hypertension (B): An acute chest pain aggravated by breathing.
A. Pulmonary embolus
B. Pulmonary hypertension
A. Pulmonary embolus
31. Select whether the following definition or description relates to pulmonary embolus (A) or pulmonary hypertension (B): Ventilation-perfusion lung scan.
A. Pulmonary embolus
B. Pulmonary hypertension
A. Pulmonary embolus
5. What develops when air escapes from the tracheostomy incision into the tissues, dissects facial planes under the skin, and accumulates around the face, neck, and upper chest?
A. Tracheomalacia
B. Necrosis
C. Subcutaneous emphysema
D. Tracheoesophageal fistula
C. Subcutaneous emphysema
8. What surgical procedure for sinusitis removes diseased mucosa from the sphenoidal or ethmoidal sinus?
A. Endoscopic sinus surgery
B. Caldwell-Luc procedure
C. External sphenoethmoidectomy
D. Internal sphenoethmoidectomy
C. External sphenoethmoidectomy
11. What are the two types of diphtheria?
A. Tonsillar and pharyngeal
B. Tonsillar and adenoidal
C. Pharyngeal and adenoidal
D. Laryngeal and pharyngeal
A. Tonsillar and pharyngeal
12. What obstruction of the upper airway may be associated with inflammation, injury, or anaphylaxis?
A. Chronic laryngeal edema
B. Acute laryngeal edema
C. Laryngospasm
D. Laryngeal paralysis
B. Acute laryngeal edema
14. The lower end of a tracheostomy tube should be located above the _________.
Correct Answer: carina
15. The most common tracheostomy tube is a _________ or _________ tube
Correct Answer: universal; standard
21. The term _________ is thought to more accurately describe respiratory manifestations referable to an inflammatory disease of the nose or sinuses.
Correct Answer: rhinosinusitis
1. If atelectasis is severe, physical assessment findings include which of the following?
A. A decrease in tactile fremitus over the affected lung area
B. A dull percussion note over the atelectatic region
C. Decreased chest movement on the involved side
D. All of the above are correct.
D. All of the above are correct.
2. What are the clinical manifestations of influenza?
A. Fever and cough
B. Fever and myalgias
C. Fever, myalgias, and cough
D. Myalgias and cough
Correct Answer: C
5. Which of the following is a factor in the progression from dormant TB infection to active disease?
A. Malabsorption syndrome
B. Substance abuse
C. Prolonged corticosteroid therapy
D. All of the above are correct.
D. All of the above are correct.
What is the recommended pharmacologic treatment regimen for previously untreated TB clients?
A. Isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide
B. Isoniazid and rifampin
C. Isoniazid and pyrazinamide
D. Isoniazid
A. Isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide
The congenital, restrictive lung disorder in which secretion of the exocrine glands is abnormal is known as _________ _________.
Correct Answer: cystic fibrosis