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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Exchange Theory
interpersonal relationships based on what is exchanged b/w 2 people
Rewards
anything that meets a person's needs..satisfaction is received from participating in interaction
Costs
things that are not perceived as not beneficial to the individual..creates lack of satisfaction in relationship if cost is too high
Outcomes
Rewards - Costs
Profit
rewards > costs
Loss
rewards < costs
Principle of Least Interest
the person with the least interest has the most power in a relationship
Resources and Power
person with the most resources has the most power in a relationship
Family Developmental Theory
describes and explains the processes of change in families
Family Life Cycle
stages follow an orderly sequence that is similar for almost everyone; each stage builds on the one
Role
set of expecatations for an individual in a group over time. roles will change with age and stage
Position
role arrangement over time. assigned roles & duties. defined by gender, marriage, blood relations, etc.
Systems Theory
set of elements standing in interaction that whatever affects one also affects the others
Boundaries
who is in or out of a certain system; barriers that distinguish individuals from their family
Physical Boundary
such as a room, house, door, or fence. actual physical space that separates individuals
Family ecology perspective
how a family is influenced by surround environment
Family development perspective
family life cycle is central here; change in predictable ways over time
Structure-family perspective
family viewed as social institution (raise children, provide economic support, give emotional security)
3 categories of subsystems
spousal, parent-child, sibling-sibling
Cohesion-family closeness
emotional bonding between family members
Enmeshed
extreme bonding and limited individual autonomy
Disengaged
low bonding and high autonomy from family
Rules
how things are done and how family functions
Overt
rules that are clearly stated
Covert
rules that aren't stated but everyone knows and obeys them