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18 Cards in this Set

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What happens to serum potassium levels when diabetic ketoacidosis is reversed?
It drops significantly.
What drug is used to dissolve small, non-calcified, radiolucent cholesterol gallstones?
Ursodiol
What antibiotic class inhibits protein synthesis?
Tetracyclines (used for UTI, PID & lyme)
What antibiotic classes inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis?
Penicillins & Cephalosporins
What antibiotic class inhibits DNA gyrase?
Quinolones (used against e.Coli, Proteus & gonorrhea)
What antibiotic inhibits ergosterol synthesis?
Miconazole
What antibiotic inhibits DNA synthesis after conversion by thymidine kinase?
Acyclovir (used against Herpes, VZV)
What antibiotic class can damage teeth & bones in a fetus?
Tetracyclines chelate with calcium.
What other abdominal organ is associated with PID?
Liver. Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome is perihepatitis associated with PID.
What syndrome is associated with "violin strings between liver & diaphragm"?
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis
What is the only treatment for trichomoniasis?
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
What antibiotic inhibits DNA synthesis?
Metronidazole (used against anaerobic bacteria)
What are the side effects of Metronidazole?
increased anticoagulence of Warfarin & interaction with alcohol
What antibiotic binds to the 50s subunit of bacterial ribosomes?
Chloramphenicol
What antibioic blocks cross-linking N-acetyl muramic acid backbone via D-ala-D-ala connections?
Vancomycin
What antibiotic class inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase?
Rifamycins
What organism produces blue-green stained sputum? (yuck!)
Pseudomona aeruginosa
What serum test is used to confirm the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis (vs hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome)?
serum ketones