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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Origin:
Occipitofrontalis
(occipital belly)
Lateral two thirds of superior nuchal line of occipital and mastoid process of temporal.
Insertion:
Occipitofrontalis
(occipital belly)
Galea aponeurotica covering skull.
Action:
Occipitofrontalis
(occipital belly)
Draws back scalp and aids in wrinkling forehead.
Origin:
Occipitofrontalis
(frontal belly)
Galea aponeurotica
Insertion:
Occipitofrontalis
(frontal belly)
Fascia of facial muscles and skin above nose and eyes (near eyebrows)
Action:
Occipitofrontalis
(frontal belly)
Draws back scalp, wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows (tightens head; wrinkles forehead, etc)
Trigger Point:
Occipitofrontalis
Frontalis: area above eyebrow

Occipitalis: middle just above the nuchal line
Origin:
Temporoparietalis
Lateral border of galea aponeurotica
Insertion:
Temporparietalis
Fascia above and cartilage of the auricle (ear).
Action:
Temporoparietalis
Raises ears and tightens scalp
Origin:
Orbicularis Oris
Arises indirectly from the maxilla and mandible; fibers blend with fibers of other facial muscles associated with the lips
Insertion:
Orbicularis Oris
Encircles mouth and inserts into muscle and skin at angles of mouth (tissues around)
Action:
Orbicularis Oris
Closes and protrudes lips; compresses lips against teeth
Other functions:
Orbicularis Oris
"Kissing Muscle"

Important in whistling and forming many letters during speech.
Origin:
Mentalis
Incisive fossa of mandible (indentation at chin)
Insertion:
Mentalis
Skin of chin (bottom)
Action:
Mentalis
Elevates and protrudes lower lip, at same time wrinkling the skin of the chin

(pouting muscle)
Origin:
Buccinator
Outer surface of alveolar processes of maxilla and mandible and pterygomandibular raphe
Insertion:
Buccinator
Angle ofmouth blending with fibers of the orbicularis oris muscle.
Action:
Buccinator
Draws corner of mouth laterally, compresses cheek
Muscle sometimes paralyzed when a client has Bell's Palsy
Buccinator
Trigger Point:
Buccinator
Belly of the muscle
Referred Pain Pattern:
Buccinator
Upper Gum
Origin:
Temporalis
Temporal fossa and temporal fascia
Insertion:
Temporalis
Coronoid process of mandible via a tendon that passes deep to the zybomatic arch (under the arch)
Action:
Temporalis
Elevates and retracts mandible, assists in side to side movement of mandible
Trigger Points:
Temporalis
Located anteriorly, medially, and posteriorly along the inferior aspect of the muscle near the tendon at the coronoid process of the mandible
Referred Pain Pattern:
Temporalis
Temporal region, eyebrow, upper teeth
Synergists:
Temporalis
Masseter

Medial Pterygoid
Antagonist:
Temporalis
Digastric
Origin:
Masseter
Zygomatic process of maxilla and medial and inferior surfaces of zygomatic arch
Insertion:
Masseter
Angle and ramus of the mandible
Action:
Masseter
Elevates mandible and slightly protracts it
Trigger Points:
Masseter
At the tendinour junction near the zygomatic arch and in the belly of the muscle.
Referred Pain Pattern:
Masseter
Upper jaw, ear, eyebrow
Synergists:
Masseter
Temporalis

Medial Pterygoid
Antagonist:
Masseter
Digastric