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37 Cards in this Set

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What is ORM?
A decision making tool used by personnel at all levels to increase operational effectiveness by identifying, assessing and managing risks.
Operation Risk Management ________.
(a) ignores risks.
(b) minimizes risks to acceptable levels.
(c) removes risks altogether.
(b) minimizes risks to acceptable levels.
What are the four principles of ORM?
1) Accept risk when benefits outweigh the cost.
2) Accept no unecessary risk.
3) Anticipate and manage risk by planning.
4) Make risk decisions at the right level.
What is meant by the principle "Accept risk when benefits outweigh the cost?"
Risk is inherant in war, and in some cases it is necessary to sieze initiative and take decisive action. Normally, greater potential gain requires more risk.
What is meant by the principle "Accept no unecessary risk?"
Only take risks that are necessary to accomplish the mission.
What is meant by the principle "Anticipate and manage risk by planning?"
Risks are more easily controlled when they are identified early in the planning process.
What is meant by the principle "Make risk decisions at the right level?"
When the leader responsible for executing the mission determines that the risk associated with that mission cannot be controlled at his or her level, or goes beyond the commander's stated intent, he or she shall elevate the decision to their chain of command.
What acronym delineates the steps of ORM?
I AM IS.
What does "I AM IS" stand for?
Identify Hazards
Assess Hazards
Make Risk Decisions
Implement Controls
Supervise
Expand upon "Identify Hazards."
Begin with an outline of the major steps in the operation, and conduct a Preliminary Hazard Ananlysis listing hazards associated with each step and their possible causes.
Expand upon "Assess Hazards."
For identified hazards, determine associated degree of risk in terms of probability and severity.
Expand upon "Make Risk Decisions."
Beginning with the most serious risk, select controls that will reduce the risk to a minimum consistent with mission accomplishment. Decide if benefit outweighs risk. If risk outweighs benefit or if assistance is required to implement controls, communicate with higher authority.
Expand upon "Implement Controls."
Reduce risk by implementing all possible controls, of three different types, possible.
What are the three different types of controls?
1) Engineering Controls
2) Administrative Controls
3) Personal Protective Equipment
Explain "Engineering Controls."
Engineered methods to erduce risk by design, material selection or substitution when technically or economically possible.
Explain "Administrative Controls."
Reduce risk through specific administrative actioins, to include:
(a) Providing suitable warnings, placards, signs and notices.
(b) Establishing written policies, programs instructions, or Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
(c) Training personnel to recognize hazards and take necessary precautionary measures.
(d) Limiting exposure to a hazard (i.e. number of personnel/equipment exposed and length of exposure).
Explain "Personal Protective Equipment" in terms of an implemented control in the ORM System.
Serves as barrier between personnel and hazard, to be used when other controls do not reduce risk level to an acceptable level.
Expand upon "Supervise."
Conduct follow-up examinations of implemented controls to ensure they stay in place and produce desired result. Take corrective action when necessary.
Safety Councils and Safety Committees have what three basic functions?
(1) Create and maintain an archive interest in safety.
(2) Serve as a means of communications regarding safety.
(3) Provide program assistance to commanding officers, including proposing policy and program objectives.
What are the purposes of a Mishap Investigations?
(1) Identifying causes.
(2) Preventing future occurence.
(3) Record keeping.
Why are accurate records necessary in relation to mishap reporting?
Accurate records establish trends, aid in constructing analyses, and aid in measuring the effectiveness of the program. May be necessary to comply with Department of Labor or host country standards.
Which of the following is a purpose of a Mishap Investigation?
(a) Determination of culpability.
(b) Mishap prevention.
(c) Determination of cause.
(d) B and C only.
(e) All of the above.
(d) Mishap prevention and determination of cause.
In regards to Mishap Reporting, the Safety Investigator and JAGMAN Investigator should be _________.
(a) the same individual
(b) different individuals
(c) the same or different individuals. It doesn't matter
(b) different individuals
Reports of Safety Investigations _________ made a part of JAGMAN Investigations.
(a) shall not be
(b) shall be
(a) shall not be
The Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) shall investigate any death occurring on a Navy installation, except ___________.
(a) when believed by CO to be non-criminal.
(b) when there are no witnesses
(c) when medically attributable to disease or natural cause
(d) A and C onle
(c) when medically attributable to disease or natural cause
Shore regions and activities shall conduct an investigation of ___________.
(a) major mishaps
(b) every mishap
(c) mishaps that involve safety equipment only
(d) mishaps they believe to be easily repeatable
(b) every mishap
What is a "near miss?"
Hazards where only chance prevented a mishap.
What activity is identified by the short title NAVOSHENVTRACEN?
Navy Occupational Safety and Health and Environmental Training Center.
What is meant by the acronym PPE?
Personal Protective Equipment.
PPE __________.
(a) reduces or eliminates a hazard.
(b) establishes a last line of defense.
(c) Both A and B.
(b) establishes a last line of defense
What is ergonomics?
The field of study that involves the application of knowledge about physiological, psychological and biomechanical capacities and limitations of the human body.
What is meant by the acronym WMSD?
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorder.
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorder are defined as ______________.
a class of disorders involving damage to muscles, tendons, tendon sheaths and related bones and nerves.
What is meant by the acronmym RSI?
Repetitive Strain Injury.
What is meant by the acronmym CTD?
Cumulative Trauma Disorder.
WMSDs result from ____________.
the cumulative effect of repeated traumas associated with specific workplace risk factors.
What are the five risk factors that can contribute to WMSDs?
(1) Force
(2) Repitition
(3) Awkward or static postures
(4) Vibration
(5) Contact stress.