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23 Cards in this Set

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(5) Verbs ending in -ar are referred to as
first conjugation verbs...most regular Spanish verbs belong to this group
(5) The other two groups of regular verbs in Spanish end in
-er (2nd)
and
-ir (3rd)
(5) The endings of -er and -ir verbs ar ethe same except for what forms?
nosotros and vosotros
(5) -ER VERBS (COMER)
(stem is com-)
yo - como
tu - comes
el/ella/Ud. - come
nosotros(as) - comEMOS
vosotros(as) - comEIS
ellos/ellas/Uds. - comen
ENDINGS
-o
-es
-e
-emos
-eis
-en
(5) -ER VERBS (LEER)
yo - leo
tu - lees
el/ella/Ud. - lee
nosotros (as) - leEMOS
vosotros (as) - leEIS
ellos/ellas/Uds - leen
ENDINGS
-o
-es
-e
-emos
-eis
-en
(5) -IR VERBS (VIVIR)
yo - vivo
tu - vives
el/ella/Ud. - vive
nosotros (as) - vivimos
vosotros (as) - vivis
ellos/ellas/Uds. - viven
ENDINGS
-o
-es
-e
-imos
-is
-en
(5) -IR VERBS (ESCRIBIR)
yo - escribo
tu - escribes
el/ella/Ud. - escribe
nosotros (as) - escribimos
vosotros (as) - escribis
ellos/ellas/Uds - escriben
ENDINGS
-o
-es
-e
-imos
-is
-en
(6) The verb TENER (to have) is irregular. Memorize:

yo - tengo
tu - tienes
el/ella/Ud - tiene
nosotros (as) - tenemos
vosotros (as) - teneis
ellos/ellas/Uds - tienen
irregular form tener (to have)
(6) You also use the verb TENER to express ??? in Spanish.
age
(6) Cuantos anos tienes?
Tengo diecisies anos.
Cuantos anos tiene usted?
How old are you?
I am 16 years old.
How old are you?
(6) Tener que + inifinite (-ar, -er, or -ir form of verb) means TO HAVE TO
Tengo que comprar un regalo.

I have to buy a gift.
Ir a + infinitive means TO BE GOING TO - it is used to express what is going to happen in the near future
Vamos a llegar manana.

We will go tomorrow.
(6) The possessive adjective must agree with the noun it modifies. The possessive adjectives are:
mi
tu
su
Only have 2 forms - singular and plural
(6) The possessive adjective SU can mean:
his, her, their, or your
(6) The possessive adjective NUESTRO (our) has four forms.
nuestro apartamento
nuestra casa
nuestros libros
nuestras revistas
(7) There are certain groups of verbs in Spanish that have a stem change in the present tense.
The verbs EMPEZAR (to begin), COMENZAR (to begin), QUERER (to want), PERDER (to lose), and PREFERIR (to prefer) are stem-changing verbs.
(7) EMPEZAR
yo - empiezo
tu - empiezas
el/ella/Ud - empieza
nosotros (as) - empezamos
vosotros (as) - empezais
ellos/ellas/Uds - empiezan
The E of the stem changes to IE in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.
(7) QUERER
yo - quiero
tu - quieres
el/ella/Ud. - quiere
nosotros (as) - queremos
vosotros (as) - quereis
ellos/ellas/Uds - quieren
The E of the stem changes to IE in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.
(7) PREFERIR
yo - prefiero
tu - prefieres
el/ella/Ud - prefiere
nosotros (as) - preferimos
vosotros (as) - preferis
ellos/ellas/Uds - prefieren
The E of the stem changes to IE in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.
(7) The verbs VOLVER (to return to a place), DEVOLVER (to return a thing), PODER (to be able), and DORMIR (to sleep) are also stem-changing verbs.
The O of the stem changes to UE in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.
(7) VOLVER
yo - vuelvo
tu - vuelves
el/ella/Ud - vuelve
nosotros (as) - volvemos
vosotros (as) - volveis
ellos/ellas/Uds. - vuelven
VOLVER
(7) PODER
yo puedo
tu puedes
el/ella/Ud puede
nosotros podemos
vosotros podeis
ellos/ellas/Uds pueden
PODER
(7) DORMIR
yo duermo
tu duermes
el/ella/Ud duerme
nosotros (as) dormimos
vosotros (as) dormis
ellos/ellas/Uds duermen
DORMIR