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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Coronal Plane
Front and back
Frontal Plane
Front and back
sagital plane
left and right, cut down the center
Horizontal plane
top and bottom
Transverse Plane
Top and bottom
ADDuction
move toward mid-line
ABduction
move away from mid-line
Flexion
narrowing angle of joint
Extension
increase of angle of joint
Circumduction
combination of all four motions (adduction, abduction, flexion, and extensioin) only shoulder adn hip
rotation (medial and lateral)
medial- towards mid-line
lateral-away from mid-line
supination
can hold a can of soup
Pronation
Hands faced down
Supine
On your back
Prone
Face down
Medial
Come toward mid-line
Lateral
going away from mid-line
posterior
moving toward back
Anterior
moving toward front
Ventral
front
Dorsal
Back
Superior
Above or toward top
Inferior
Below
Distal
farthest from trunk
caudal
Tail
Cephalic or cranial
Toward Head
Proximal
Closest to the trunk
Plantar Flexion
Pointing of the foot (ballerina)
Dorsiflexion
pulling toes up (flex feet)
Inversion
Foot pointed inward towards mid-line
Eversion
Foot pointed out away from mid-line
Open kinetic chain
distal moves freely, proximal is fixed
Closed kinetic Chain
distal fixed, proximal is moving freely
eccentric muscle action
lengthening of muscle fibers
Concentric muscle action
shorting of muscle fibers
Origin
Proximal
Insertion
Distal