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16 Cards in this Set

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Climate:
General conditions of temperature and precipitation for an area over a long period of time.
Prevailing Winds:
Wind that blows more often from one direction than from any other direction.
Windward side:
Side of a mountain facing toward the wind.
Leeward side:
Side of a mountain facing away from the wind.
Microclimates:
Small, localized climate.
Polar zone:
Climate zone extendind from the pole (90 degrees) to about 60 degrees latitude in each hemisphere.
Temperate zone:
Is found between 60 degrees and 30 degrees latitude.
Tropical zone:
Which extend from 30 degrees north and south latitude to the equator (0 degrees) have high temperatures and high humidity.
Marine climates:
Areas near an ocean or other large body of water.
Continental climates:
Areas located within a large landmass.
Major glaciations:
Period in the Earth's history when large parts of the Earth's surface were covered with sheets of ice;ice age.
Interglacials:
Time period between major glaciations (or ice ages).
The climate of any region on the Earth is determined by two basic factors:
Temperature and precipitation.
The two natural factors that affect the amount of precipitation at a particular location are:
Prevailing winds and Mountain ranges
Mountain ranges
the amount of precipitation at a particular location.
the three major climate zones on Earth are:
Polar, temperate, and tropial.