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26 Cards in this Set

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A.D. 1200
Mississippians build active culture on banks of Mississippi River.
About 23,000 B.C., 1/3 of earth's surface was covered with huge sheets of ice called
glaciers
The surface of the oceans was about ____ feet lower than today in 23,000 B.C.
300
The land bridge existed until about ___________ B.C., when the temperatures rose and caused the glaciers to melt.
12,000
Over time, _________ from the melting glaciers covered the land bridge.
water
The land bridge from Asia to North America that hunters crossed was in an area called the
Bering Strait
The hunters who walked across the land bridge into North America were the ancestors of the people we now call
Native Americans
Very important periods of history are called
epochs
The Beringian epoch was from ___________ B.C. when the main group of hunters came to North America.
13,000-9500
_________ covered most of Canada, _________ stretched across the United States, and ___________ swept into Mexico.
glaciers
forests
grasslands
North America had many of the animals hunters had followed from Asia such as
wooly mammoths
Warming weather changed these lands during the Paleo-Indian epoch from _____________ B.C.
9500-6000
The western grasslands of North America became hot __________, and large grass-eating animals died out for want of food.
deserts
Hunters made smaller and better _______ to hunt for food.
weapons
American Indians hunted _________, _________, and deer.
bison
caribou
American Indians lived off the land during the Archaic epoch from __________ B.C.
6000-1000
People who lived near water built _______ for fishing.
boats
During the Archaic epoch, American Indians also learned to plant and harvest ________, _________, and other crops.
corn
beans
Planting and harvesting is called
agriculture
New food crops allowed American Indians to grow in __________.
number
American Indians developed into many different cultures during the Postarchaic epoch from ___________ B.C.
1000B.C.-A.D. 1500)
By A.D. 1500, American Indians wore ___________ made of everything from animal skins to cloth made from _________.
clothing
plants
American Indians from the Postarchaic epoch lived in simple huts made of _____ bark and ____, or in wooden houses on stilts
tree
mud
The Chipewyans hunted _________ across the cold, bare regions of what is now Canada.
caribou
The _________ of Mexico grew into powerful societies. The center of Aztec culture was the city of Tenochtitlan.
Aztec
In the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan, __________ people lived among canals, temples and islands.
100,000