Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/62

Click to flip

62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vertical split between frontal & parietal lobes
central sulcus
horizonal split between frontal/parietal & temporal lobes
lateral sulcus
split that seperates the brain into left & right hemispheres
longitudal fissure
big bump in back with lines
cerebellum
thalamus & hypothalamus make up what together
diencephalon
the midbrain is made up of what 2 pieces
corpora quadrigemina & cerbral peduncle
what is located below the thalamus and above the pons?
cerebral peduncle
what is located above the medulla oblongata and is oval shaped
pons
stick; brain to spinal cord; brings the outside in
medulla oblongata
grooves in brain are
sulci
bumps on brain are
gyri/ gyrus
nearly all neurons that conduct impulses toward the CNS are; short process
unipolar
two processes attached to cell body; quite rare, part of eye, ear & olfactory mucosa
bipolar
many processes issue from cell body; most neurons in the brain & spinal cord, axons carry impulses away from the CNS
multipolar
Unipolar have a functional classification of _____ & are located in the ________
sensory/afferent
perpheral nervous system (PNS)
Multipolar have a functional classification of _____ & are located in the ________
motor/efferent
central nervous system (CNS)
the skin is the ____ of the reflex arc
receptor
what is located in the muslce as part of the ______ reflex arc
effector
motor type functions; skin & muscle utilizes what neurons
unipolar
most popular type of neurons; located in the CNS
multipolar
sensory, eye, nose, ears are what type of neurons
bipolar
ventral roots are ___ neurons
motor
dorsal roots are ____ neurons
sensory
what is located below the lumbar enlargement & is cone shaped
conus medullaris
what is the tail attached to the conus medullaris
filum terinale
horse tail component
cauda equina
holds the dura mater to the spinal cord; dental floss
denticulate ligament
supply of nerves to a body part
innervation
Which body region does the dorsal ramus innervate?
posterior trunk & limbs
Which body region does the ventral ramus innervate?
anterior trunk & limbs
Reflex on the bottom of the sole is what?
plantar reflex
what is the Babinski reflex?
great toe flexes toward the top of the foot and the other toes fan out after the sole of the foot has been firmly stroked
Why is the Babinski reflex normal in children under the age of 18 months?
Due to an incomplete myelination of the nervous system
What does the Babinski reflex indicate in an adult?
damage to the pyramidal or corticospinal tract (nervous system/brain)
What is the stimulus for the receptor to initiate swallowing?
glands
what reflex deals with focusing on objects near & far
accomodation reflex
cone
conus
network
plexus
branch
ramus
knot, swelling
ganglion
thread
filum
tough, hard
mater
membrane
menix
join together
commissure
tail
cauda
groove
sulcus
little hill
hillock
delicate
pia
cell
cyto
within
endo
horse
equin
spider
arach
tree
dendr
between
inter
tooth
dent
nerve
neuro
glue
glia
marrow
medull
tough
dura-
Multipolar neurons function is
interneurons
motor
Unipolar neurons fuctions is
sensory neurons
Bipolar neurons function is
sensory neurons; eyes, ears, nose