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38 Cards in this Set

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Homeostatsis
internal balance of the human organism
Feedback Systems
Maintains homeostasis.
Normal blood sugar
80 - 120mg/ml
Sagittal Plane
veritically (from head to toes)

divides body into left and right portions.
Parasagittal plane
Any sagittal plane that passes through the body to the left or right of the midline and divides the body into unequal left and right portions.
Frontal Coronal Plane
Vertical plane that divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portions.
Transverse plane
Horizontal (perpendicular) plane that divides body into top (superior) and bottom (inferior) portions.
Another name for Anterior
Ventral
Another name for Posterior
Dorsal
Medial
Toward the midline
Proximal
Closer to midline or point of attachment of a limb.
Distal
Farther away from the midline or point of attachment of a limb.
Superficial
Closer to the surface of the body.
Deep
Farther from the body surface.
Axial region
Area of body closest to midline or axis. (head, neck, and trunk)
9 abdominal regions
1. Right hypochondriac region
2. Epigastric region
3. Left hypochondriac region
4. Right lateral (lumbar) region
5. Umbilical region
6. Left lateral (lumbar) region
7. Right inguinal (iliac) region
8. Hyprogastric region
9. Left inguinal (iliac) region
Right hypochondriac region
Liver, Gall bladder
Epigastric region
Liver, Stomach, Pancreas
Left hypochrondriac region
Stomach, Spleen
Right lateral (lumbar) region
Ascending colon, gall bladder
Umbilical region
Stomach, transverse colon, small intestine, pancreas
Left lateral (lumbar) region
Small intestine, descending colon
Right inguinal (iliac) region
Cecum, small intestine
Hyprogastric region
Small intestine, rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs
Left inguinal (iliac) region
Small intestine, sigmoid colon
Abdomnopelvic region
Abdominopelvic region
Dorsal cavity
Cranial cavity
Vertebral or spinal cavity
Ventral cavity
Thoracic cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
6 characteristic of living organisms
Metabolism, growth, differentiation, movement, responsiveness, reproduction
Negative feedback does what?
The body senses a change in a variable and activates mechanisms that reverse that change.
Positive feeback system does what?
Produces a self amplifying affect to orginal stimulus.
Chloride is the only
Anion
Chloride is the only
Anion
Free radicals
Charged groups of atoms with an odd number of electrons. Produced by some normal metabolic reactions of the body as well as by radiation. They are unstable and combine quickly with fats, proteins, and DNA. They destroy nearby molecules.
The higher the H+ ions, the more ____ the blood.
Acidic
Anabolism
Energy requiring reactions where small molecules are joined together to form large ones. (synthesis or endergentic reactions)
Catabolism
Energy releasing reactions where large molecules are broken down into smaller ones Idecomposition, or exergonic reactions)
Glycolysis
First stage of glucose oxidation.
Literally means "sugar splitting"
2 molecules of ATP is produced at this stage
Splits glucose into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid.