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113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
la aguacate
avocado
el ajo
garlic
la cebolla
onion
las cerezas
cherries
peach
el durazno
strawberries
las fresas
peas
los guisantes
green beans
las judias verdes
corn
el maiz
vegetable (soup)
(la sopa de) verduras
good/bad for your health
bien/mal para la salud
hot
caliente
frozen
congelado
delicious
delicioso
canned
enlatado
greasy
grasoso
spicy
picante
How Awful!
Que Asque!
rich
rico
flavorful
sabroso
to add
anadir
cut
cortar
taste (test)
probar
serve
servir
breakfast
desayunar
sausage
las salchichas
bacon
el tocino
yogurt
el yogur
lunch
almorzar
shrimp
el camaron
to dine
cenar
shellfish
las mariscos
turkey
el pavo
arm
head
elbow
finger (del pie toe)
spine
throat
bone
wrist
ankle
foot
leg
knee
brazo
cabeza
codo
dedo
espalda
garganta
hueso
muneca
tobillo
pie
pierna
rodilla
ouch!
Ay!
hurt
doler
feel bad
sentirse mal
to be...
hot
ache
cold
hungry
thirsty
tener...
calor
dolor (de)
frio
hambre
sed
walk (2)
caminar
andar
run
correr
rest
descansar
excercise
hacer ejercicio
to lift weights
levantar pesas
move
mover
stay in bed
quedarse en cama
go to bed early
acostarse temprano
eat well
alimentarse bien
look after oneself
cuidarse
avoid stress
evitar el estres
no smoking
no fumar
don't get burned
no quemarse
loose weight
perder peso
go on a diet
ponerse a dieta
get in shape
ponerse en forma
use protective cream
usar crema protectora
el enfermero
sick
nurse
la enfermera
doctor
el medico, la medica
to put/give...
injection
x-ray
prescription
poner...
la inyeccion
la radiografia
la receta
prescribe...
medicine
pill (2)
recetar...
la medicina
la pastilla/la pildora
recomend
recomendar
Medicinal Plants
Las Plantas Medicinales
Its ______ that...
Es _______ que...
advise that
aconsejar que
insist that...
insistir en que...
want that...
querer que...
prohibit that...
prohibir que...
recommend that
recomendar que
suggest that
sugerir que
not to believe that
no creer que
doubt that
dudar que
not to be sure (unsure) that
no estar seguro de que
not to think that
no pensar que
saber
to know
creer
to believe
opinar
to think
think
pensar
be sure
estar seguro de
to have
estar
cold (as in sick)
resfriado
to sneeze
estornudar
fever
el fiebre
centigrade degree
el grado centigrado
present tense endings;

-ar

-er

-ir
-ar: o as a amos ais ian

-er: o es e emos eis en

-ir: o es e imos is en
shoe verb conjugations

entender

pedir

recordar
entiendo entiendemos
entiendes entiendeis
entiende entienden

pido pedimos
pides pedis
pide piden


recuerdo recordamos
recuerdas recordais
recuerda recuerdan
Imperfect Endings

-ar

-ir/-er
aba abas aba abamos abais aban

ia ias ia iamos iais ian
3 irregular infinitives in imperfect
ir ser ver

iba ibas iba ibamos ibais iban

era eras era eramos erais eran

veia veias veia veiamos veias veian
What happnes after a "j" to the ending of ellos, ellas, Uds. (3p) of baker's dozen verbs?
You take off ending, and add "eron" or "aron"
What happens to ---car, ---gar, ---zar verbs in the preterite?
c-qu, g-gu, and z-c in the yo form.
Explain what happens to the "i" of the gerund in ir, oir, and the double vowel verbs.
The "i" becomes a "y" in the Ud. and Uds. forms.
What is a preterite tense "sole" verb?
The stem changes e-i and o-u in the i-e verbs, -iendo and -ando (gerunds).
3 rules of sole verbs
- - IR verbs ONLY

- shoe verbs in the present

- e-i and o-u in the preterite tense, but 3rd person singular and plural forms only.
can past participles be used as adj.s w/ the verb estar?
Yes
Can forms of past participles change according to gender and number (singular/plural)??
Yes
past-participle verbs you add a..
er: -ido
ar: -ado
present participle verbs you add a...
ar: -ando
er: -iendo
What happens to the gerund of a preterite sole verb?
o-u and e-i in gerund
What happens to the gerund of ir oir and double-vowel verbs.
The present participles end in -yendo
How do you form an affirmative -tu command for regular verbs?
use the present indicative in the Ud. form.
3rd person singular - present tense
what tense for all other commands?
the subjunctive tense
3 different types of verbs that reflexive, indirect, and direct object pronouns are attached to.
infinitives

present participles (gerunds)

affirmative commands
RID rule
If there's more than 1 pronoun in a sentence, use order: reflexive, indirect, direct.
How to conjugate verb in subjunctive
1 take yo form of present tense
3 drop the o
3 add the present subjunctive endings
subjunctive endings
-ar: e es e emos eis en

-er/-ir: a as a amos ais an
What happens to car, gar, zar, and ger verbs in the subjunctive tense?
c-qu, g-gu, z-c, and g-j (from yo form) in all 6 forms.
yo-go verbs in subjunctive...
drop the -o, add -a(n)
-cer verbs in subjunctive
c-zc in all 6 forms.
irregular subjunctive verbs
dar
ir
saber
haber
estar
ser
subjunctive sentence formula
1st subect + subjunctive expression in the present tense + que + 2nd subject + verb
possessive adj. conjugation

my, your, your (his, her), our, Your, your (their)
mi, tu, su, nuestro, vuestro, su
DOP and IOP conjugations (6 spaces table thingy)
DOP: me, te, lo/la, nos, os, los/las

IOP: me, te, le, nos, os, les
difference btw. que and cual
que: how/ with what; b4 noun - which

cual: which/what when before a noun
Estar is used for...
Location, Age, State (mood), quality/condition