Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
HHNKS
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non-ketotic syndrome
Diabetes Mellitus
Chronic disorder of altered fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism caused either by a relative or absolute lack of insulin or inability of tissues to respond to insulin.
Polydipsia
excessive thirst
Polyphagia
excessive hunger
Polyuria
excessive urination
Lipodystrophy
atrophy of the SC tissue
Ketonuria
ketones present in urine
ICA
Islet cell antibody
hypoglycemia
Low blood glucose
hyperglycemia
High blood glucose
HLA
Human Leukocyte Antigen
Gestational diabetes
Diabetes during pregnancy
DKA
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
acidosis due to an excess of ketone bodies
Pathology of Type I DM
autoimmune disease triggered by environmental factors (i.e. virus)
>90% Type I have Islet Cell Antibodies (ICA) an indication of autoimmune response
Many also have Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA)
As Islets are destroyed, ICA's and insulin antibodies increase, which lowers circulating insulin, which increases blood glucose