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9 Cards in this Set

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Hepatic Encephalopathy/ Coma
Hepatic Encephalopathy/coma
Hepatic Encephalopathy/coma
• Decrease bacterial production of ammonia- RESTRICTED PROTEIN DIET
• Neomycin - ototoxic, nephrotoxic
• Lactulose
• Sedate with a drug not metabolized through the liver - phenobarb
What is steatorrhea
foul-smelling diarrhea caused by non-absorbed fats
what is Bilirubin
a bile pigment cleared from the bolld by the liver; formed as a breakdown product of old red blood cells; marked increase in blood levels can lead to jaundice from deposition of bilirubin in skin, mucous membranes, and whites of the eyes.
What is Caput medusae
iterally "Medusa's head"; dilated, varicose veins around the umbilicus, which may be seen in patients with cirrhosis of the liver.
Kupffer cells ?
"scavenger" cells that remove foreign matter, worn-out blood cells, and bacteria from the liver
Lobule ?
structural" unit of the liver; shaped like a hexagon on cross section, with six portal triads at the periphery and a central vein.
What does the liver do?
* Stores iron reserves, as well as vitamins and minerals
* Makes bile to help digest food
* Detoxifies poisonous chemicals, including alcohol, beer, wine, and drugs - prescribed and over-the-counter as well as illegal substances
* Stores energy by stockpiling sugar (carbohydrates, glucose and fat) until you need it
* Makes your blood
* Manufactures new proteins
* Makes clotting factors to help blood clot
* Removes poisons from the air, exhaust, smoke and chemcials we breathe.