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15 Cards in this Set

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middle ages
form the middle period in a traditional division of European history into three ages. They were a period of great cultural, political, and economic change in Europe
fief
- an estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for services and loyalty
charters
written document that set out the rights and privileges of a town
treaty of verdon
made by Charlemagne’s grandsons and it split the empire into three parts
knight
a noble in Europe who served as a mounted warrior for a lord in the Middle
guilds
an association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
vassals
who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord
chivalry
a code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages
kaaba
housed many local gods and goddesses in Mecca
jihad
struggle in God’s services
mecca
- a bustling market town at the crossroads of two main caravan routes. Center of Islam
caliph
- successor to Muhammad
hijira
Muhammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina in 622
hajj
one of the 5 pillars of Islam - the pilgrimage to Mecca
medina
City of the prophet