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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the control of the amount of water in the intracellular and extracellular is controlled by what?
ions, (electrolytes)
what are the functions of water?
body temperature regulation
body's chemical reactions
removal of waste (via urine)
what does the antidiurectic hormone do?
forces kidneys to conserve water
a substance that separates into ions in water and in turn are able to conduct electrical current.
electrolytes

(ex: sodium, chloride, potassium)
the degree of absorption of a nutrient
bio-availability
what is the daily value for calcium?
1000mg
what are the functions of calcium?
blood clotting
muscle contraction
nerve impulse transmission
bone formation, maintenance
what are the functions of sodium (Na+)?
retaining/balancing body water
conduction of nerve impulses
what is the DV for sodium ?
2400 mg
what are the functions of Potassium?
fluid balance
lower blood pressure
nerve impulse transmission
what is the main function of selenium?
antioxidant
what is the RDA for selenium?
55 micro grams
what are the functions of Iodide?
regulates metabolism
what are some sources of Iodide?
saltwater fish
sea food
iodized salt
what is the function of fluoride?
prevent dental cavities
function of sulfur?
food preservative
what is the function of copper?
aids in iron metabolism
what is the DV of Iron?
18 mg
what are the functions of Iron?
transportation of oxygen into bloodstream

produce red blood cells
functions of Zinc?
DNA synthesis
growth, protein metabolism
immune function
a deficiency in Zinc leads to?
hair loss
loss of appetite
peak bone mass ends at? bone loss begins at?
age 20

age 30
decreased bone mass related to a deficiency in calcium is known as?
osteoporosis
what is the function of ATP?
the main energy currency for cells
a high energy compound that can be used to re-form ATP.
phosphocreatine
aerobic glycolysis v anaerobic glycolysis
aerobic requires oxygen while anaerobic does not. (break down of glucose to pyruvate).
of the DV 2000 calories, how many are stored in the muscle, and liver?
1400 muscle
400 liver
the main sites of energy production of a cell are known as?
mitochondria
a process in which a high carb intake is consumed for 6 days before an athletic event.
carbohydrate loading
aerobic glycolysis v anaerobic glycolysis
aerobic requires oxygen while anaerobic does not. (break down of glucose to pyruvate).
of the DV 2000 calories, how many are stored in the muscle, and liver?
1400 muscle
400 liver
the main sites of energy production of a cell are known as?
mitochondria
a process in which a high carb intake is consumed for 6 days before an athletic event.
carbohydrate loading
how long should a woman breastfeed at minimum?
4-6 months
how many calories are needed to produce breast milk?
800 kcal / day
how many calories should a woman eat while breastfeeding?
1800 kcal / day
what is a low birth weight?
less than 5.5 lbs
what are the iron needs for prego women?
27 mg/day
what is the need for prego women in folate?
600 prego 400 non
how long is a pregnancy?
38 - 42 weeks
the practice of eating nonfood items, such as dirt, clay, paper.
pica
fine hair coat around body
lanugo
profile of an anorexic
responsible, obedient
profile of a bulimic
impulsive behavior