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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the reasons for the "graying" of the population?
High birthrates, high immigration rates early in the 20th century, longer life expectancy due to medical advances.
What age group consists of the oldest old?
Includes people who are 85 and older.
What is the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population?
The oldest old.
What is the ration of men to woman 85 and older?
There are 36.8 men for every 100 woman.
As of 1991, what is the average life expectancy of babies born in the united states?
75.7 years.
What is the leading cause of death for people over 65?
Heart disease, accounting for 40% of deaths.
What were the study results regarding programmed aging theory?
Researchers found a limit on the number of times normal cells will divide. Theorized that this cell division determines the length of the lifespan.
What is the focus of aging as wear and tear theory?
Harmful effect of free radicals.
How is vision effected for old age?
Farsightedness usually stabilizing at about 60, difficulty in depth of color perception and contrast sensitivity, night vision.
What areas do visual deficits occur in old age?
Near vision, light sensitivity, dynamic vision, speed in processing what is seen, visual search.
How is hearing effected for old age?
hearing problems do not affect most senior citizens, but when it does it impacts quality of life.
How is taste and smell effect for old age?
Taste is dependent upon smell, the olfactory bulb tends to wither as they age, which plays a significant role in the ability to taste.
How is strength, coordination, and reaction time effected for old age?
Less strength and are limited in activities requiring endurance and the ability to carry heavy loads.
What are the most common chronic conditions in older people?
Arthritis, hypertension, hearing impairment, heart disease, orthopedic impairments, cataracts, and diabetes.
What effects a persons chance of being reasonably healthy and fit late in life?
Lifestyle.
What is the final crisis to be resolved in the elderly?
Integrity vs. despair. Older people must confront the way in which they have lived thier lives in order to accept their approaching death. Failure to accept leads to despair. Virtue developed is wisdom.
What is most commonly related to Disengagement?
Less related to age than to factors associated with aging, like poor health, widowhood, retirement, and poverty.
How to children view death?
As a temporary state. Do not view it as irreversible until the ages of five and seven.
How do adolescense view death?
Have more romantic views about death. Concerned with how they live not how long they will live.
How do young adults view death?
Eager to live the lives they have been preparing for. Often feel more intensely emotional about imminent death than people in any other period of life.
How do middle adults view death?
Understand the reality that they are going to die.
How do late adults view death?
Less anxious about death than middle aged. Loss of family and friends has caused them to reorganize their thoughts and feeling to acept their own mortality.
What are the five stages involved in coming to terms with death?
Denial, anger, bargaining for extra time, depression, acceptance.