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74 Cards in this Set

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THE MOSIFICATION AND SORTING OF PROTEINS SYNTHESIZED ELSEWHERE,AND THE FORMATION OF SECRETORY VESICLES ARE FUNCTIONS OF THE ______ _______
GOLGI APPARATUS
PROTEINS DESTINED FOR EXPORT FROM THE CELL LEAVE THE _____ ________ CONTAINED WITHIN SECRETORY VESICLES AND ARE SECRETED VIA _______
GOLGI APPARATUS;EXOCYTOSIS
THE ______ IS A FEATURE OF EUKARYOTIC CELLS
NUCLEUS
THE _____ IS THE SITE OF THE SYNTHESIS OF RIBOSOMAL RNA
NUCLEUS
THE NUCLEUS IS ENCLOSED WITHIN 2 _______ ______ MEMBRANES
PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYER
MATERIALS _____ AND ___ THE NUCLEUS PRIMARILY VIA "NUCLEAR PORES"
ENTER AND LEAVE
THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF CHROMATIN IS THE ________
NUCLEOSOME
WHAT IS CHROMATIN?
DNA WOUND AROUND A HISTONE CORE
THE SITE OF SYNTHESIS OF PROTEINS THAT FUNCTION IN THE CYTOPLASM IS THE ______
CYTOPLASM
_______ SUBUBITS ARE SYNTHESIZED WITHIN THE NUCLEUS
RIBOSOMES
_______ ARE FOUND IN EUKARYOTES AND PROKARYOTES
RIBOSOMES
RIBOSOMES CONSIST OF _____ AND _____ SUBUBNITS
LARGE AND SMALL
RIBOSOMES ARE COMPOSED OF ____ AND ______
RNA AND PROTEIN
THE CYTOSKELETON OF EUKARYOTUC CELLS INCLUDES _______ AND _______ ________
MICROTUBULES AND INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS
_______ ARE HOLLOW TUBES ~25 NANOMETERS IN DIAMETER
MICROTUBULES
_______ ________ ARE DURABLE FIBROSE PROTEINS ~8-10 NANOMETERS IN DIAMETER
INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS
EUKARYOTIC CILIA AND FLAGELLA ARE CHARACTERIZED BY A __ x __ + __ ARRANGEMENT OF MICROTUBULES
9x2+2
LYNN MARGULIS DEVELOPED AND CHAMPIONED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE _______ EVOLVED FROM ________ LIVING AS AN ENDOSYMBIONANT IN A PROTOEUKARYOTIC CELL
CHLOROPLAST;CYANOBACTERIUM
A REACTION WITH POSITIVE /\G IS _______
ENDERGONIC
THE FORMATION OF GLUCOSE IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS HAS A POSITIVE...
/\G
TESTOSTERONE IS AN EXAMPLE OF A ______ SIGNAL MODEL
STEROID
2 COMMON SECOND MESSENGERS IN CELL SIGNALING ARE...
cAMP AND Ca++
___ PROTEINS ARE PART OF CERTAIN SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS
G PROTEINS
SIGNALING BY SIGNAL MOLECULES RELEASED INTO THE BLOOD STREAM IS _______
ENDOCRINE
PLASMA MEMBRANE SIGNAL RECEPTOR PROTEINS TYPICALLY BIND ______ _______ FOR A VERY SHORT TIME
SIGNAL MOLECULES
IN ANIMALS ______ ______ SIGNAL MOLECULES BIND TO RECEPTORS IN THE CYTOPLASM AS CONTRASTED TO THE CELL SURFACE
CHOLESTEROL DERIVED
COMPETETIVE INHIBITORS BIND TO _______ SITES OF ENZYMES
CATALYTIC
_______ MAY BE ACTIVATED BY BINDING OF ACTIVATORS TO ALLOSTERIC SITES
ENZYMES
AN ENZYME WHICH REARRAGNES ATOMS OF A MOLECULE IS CALLED A________
ISOMERASE
THE MEASURE OF ORDER IN THERMODYNAMICS IS _______
ENTROPY
ENERGY STORED IN ATP IS RELEASED WHEN ATP IS CONVERTED TO _____+__
ADP+P
NAD+,NADP AND FAD ALL HAVE AN ____ GROUP ARE ALL _______ AND ALL PARTICIPATE IN ______ REACTIONS
AMP;DINUCLEOTIDES;REDOX
FEEDBACK INHIBITION REFERS TO THE INACTIVATION OF AN EARLY ENZYME OF A BIOCHEMICAL PATHWAY BY THE ____ ______ OF THE PATHWAY
END PRODUCT
OXALOACETATE IS REGENERATED IN THE _____ ______
KREBS CYCLE
_________ CONDENSES WITH ACETYL-CoA TO FORM CITRATE
OXALOACETATE
THE OXIDATION OF GLUCOSE TO PYRUVATE IS CALLED _______
GLYCOLISIS
THE OXIDATION OF GLUCOSE TO PYRUVATE YEILDS 2 PYRUVATES PER _______, AND REQUIRES _____
GLUCOSE;ATP
________ CATALYZES THE FIRST REACTION OF GLYCOLYSIS
HEXOKINASE
3PG IS ASSOCIATED WITH ______
GLYCOLYSIS
CYTOCHROME C IS ASSOCIATED WITH ______
CHRISTAE
SUCCINATE IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE _____ ______
KREBS CYCLE
FRUCTOSE 1,6 BISPHOSPHATE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ______
GLYCOLYSIS
ATP SYNTHASE IS ANCHORED IN THE ______ MEMBRANE OF MITOCHONDRIA AND CHLORPLASTS,AND THE MECHANICAL ENERGY FROM THE FLOW OF ______ THO IT IS USED TO SYNTHESIZE ATP FROM ADP AND ___
INNER;PROTONS;P
THE REACTION 6 CO2 + 6 H2O---C6H12O6 + 6 O2 IS _______ ________
ENDERGONIC AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS
G3P IS COMMON IN BOTH ______ AND THE _____ REACTION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
GLYCOLYSIS;DARK
WHICH IS THE OXIDIZED FORM,FAD OR FADH2?
FAD
THE MAJOR ELECTRON CARRIER OF AEROBIC RESPIRATION IS ____
NAD
UNDER ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS,NAD+ IS REGENERSTED BY _______
FERMENTATION
IN THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM OF THE MITOCHONDRIAN,_______ IS REDUCED TO _______
OXYGEN;WATER
PER ACETYL-CoA IN THE CITRIC ACID CYCLE ___ REDUCED FAD IS FORMED
1
________ ARE ORAGANISMS WHICH REQUIRE AT LEAST 1 ORGANIC MOLECULE AS AN ENERGY SOURCE
HETEROTROPHS
SUBSTRATE LEVEL PHOSPHORYLATION TO FORM ATP OCCURS AT ___ STEP IN THE CITRIC ACID CYCLES
1
IN THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT IN CHLOROPLASTS,PROTONS ARE PUMPED INTO THE _____ _____
THYLAKOID LUMEN
EACH NADH IS ABOUT ___ ATP MOLECULES
3
THE ENERGY HARVESTED BY RESPIRATION FROM GLUCOSE IS PRIMARILY IN THE _____ BONDS
C-OH
THE PRIMARY PIGMENT WHICH TRANSFERS LIGHT ENERGY TO AN ELECTRON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS IS ________ ___
CHLOROPHYLL A
____ AND ____ WAVELENGTHS CONTRIBUTE MOST TO PHOTOSYNTHESIS
RED AND BLUE
ENERGY FROM PHOTOSYSTEM 1 IS USED PRIMARILY TO REDUCE ____
NADP
THE DARK REACTIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS OCCUR IN THE ______ OF THE CHLOROPLAST
STROMA
IN THE CALVIN CYCLE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS CO2 IS FIXED IN A REACTION CATALYZED BY _______
RUBISCO
THE CHEMIOSMOTIC HYPOTHESIS OF ATP FORMATION WAS PROPOSED BY ______
MITVHELL
THE HAPLOID # OF HUMAN CHROMOS IS ___
23
EUKARYOTIC NUCIEI DIVIDE EQUALLY BY A PROCESS CALLED _______
MITOSIS
THE # OF CHROMOS IN A SOMATIC HUMAN CELL IS CALLED THE ______ NUMBER
DIPLOID
AT MITOSIS,SISTER CHROMATIDS FORMED IN ____,REMAIN ATTATCHED UNTIL _______
S'ANAPHASE
CANCER CELLS CONTAIN MORE THAN THE ______ NUMBER OF CHROMOS
DIPLOID
CDK IS ACTIVE ONLY WHEN BOUND TO ______
CYCLIN
A _______ IS A VISUAL DIPLAY OF CHROMOS
KARYOTYPE
IF N=20 FOR A SPECIES,HOW AMNY CENTROMERES WILL BE PRESENT AT METAPHASE OF MITOSIS IN A DIPLOID CELL?
40
DNA REPLICATION TAKES PLACE IN THE ___ PHASE OF THE CELL CYCLE
S
ANAPHASE IS ASSOCIATED WITH _____ ______
MOTOR ACTIVITY
G1 IS ASSOCIATED WITH _______
CHECKPOINT
PROPHASE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ______ _______
SPINDLE ASSEMBLY
TELOPHASE IS ASSOCIATED WITH _____ ________
NUCLEAR ASSEMBLY