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110 Cards in this Set

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falcultative anaerobic
can live w/ or w/o oxygen
obligate anaerobic
can NOT live w/ oxygen
obligate aerobic
can only live w/ oxygen
simple nutrition
can use many things for food
food poisoning
toxins in the food from bacterial metabolism
gastoenteritis
caused by the bacteria
motile-organism
able to move itself
mobile-organism
can be moved
non-pathogenic
may cause disease in people even w/ healthy immune system
How is the location of a microbe important?
On the skin it may be harmless but if it enters the body it may become deadly depending on what it is.
Are helminths motile?
yes
Describe the cellular structure of helminths?
multicellular, have organ systems
Are Helminths parasites?
yes
What are the two groups of helminths?
flat worms and round worms
What are some characteristics of Flat worms?
incomplete digestive system, remain in host
Describe some characteristics of round worms?
round worms have a complete digestive system, move from host to host
Mechanical vector
pathogen carried by vector
Biological vector
pathogen lives in vector
Example of Mechanical vector
flies feet (Dung --> sandwhich)
Example of Biological vector
ticks, lice, mosquito (sucks blood from one animal ---> bites the next animal)
What type of cell structure is a bacteria?
prokaryotic
Describe Facultative Anaerobic Bacteria (characteristically)?
Gram Negative, rods, simple nutrition
What disease might Escherichia cause?
E. Coli
Where do Eshchrichia stay?
instestine
Are Eschrichia motile?
yes
Are Escherichia pathogenic?
rarely
What is the name of the pathogenic strand of Eschrichia?
0157:H7 (Jack in the box--bad hamburger)
Is Eschrichia lactose positive or negative?
positive
What does Shigella look and act like?
E.Coli
Is Shigella gram-negative or positive?
Gram-negative
Is Eschrichia gram-negative or positive?
gram negative
What shape is Eschrichia?
rods
What shape is Shigella?
rods
Are Shigella motile?
NO
Are Shigella lactose-positive or non-lactose?
non-lactose
Are Shigella pathogenic?
sometimes (gastroenteritis)
Where is Salmonella found?
dairy, poultry
Is salmonella gram-negative or positive?
gram-negative
What shape is salmonella?
rod
Is salmonella aerobic or anaerobic?
falculatative anaerobic
Is shigella aerobic or anaerobic?
falculatative anaerobic
Is eschrichia aerobic or anaerobic?
falculatative anaerobic
Are salmonella motile?
yes
Is salmonella lactose positive or non-lactose?
non-lactose
Is salmonella pathogenic or not?
yes
Is Proteus aerobic or anaerobic?
falcultative anaerobic
What shape is proteus?
rod
Is Proteus gram-negative or positive?
negative
Are proteus pathogenic?
no
Are proteus urease positive or negative?
positive
Is Klebsiella aerobic or anaerobic?
falculatative anaerobic
Is Klebsiella gram-negative or positive?
negative
What do Klebsiella do?
fix nitrogen
Are serratia pathogenic?
no
Who is linked to Serratia?
Mervin Henry Gordon (red rod speech)
Is Serratia aerobic or anaerobic?
facultative anaerobic
Is Serratia gram positive or negative?
negative
Is Yersenia aerobic or anaerobic?
facultative anaerobic
Is Yersenia pathogenic?
yes
Is Yersenia gram negative or positive?
negative
What shape is Serratia?
rod
What shape is Yersenia?
short rod
What disease might Yersenia cause?
Y. pestis (Bubonic plague)
What are the two types of staphylococcus?
S. aureus and epidermitis
Are Staphylococcus gram positive or negative?
positive
Are Staphylococcus motile?
no
Are Staphylococcus aerobic or anaerobic?
aerobic
Describe S. aureus in nature?
grows on skin/mouth, survives dehydration, lives on table top 3-4 days not much problem on skin but can get into cuts/abrasions & be pathogenic
What does S.aureus cause?
MRSA (methlocilan resisten S.aureus) antibiotic resistant
Are Streptococcus gram-negative or positive?
positive
What might streptococcus cause?
neurosis
Are Streptococcus pathogenic?
many times
What color are micrococcus?
bright yellow or pink
Are micrococcus pathogenic?
no
How small are micrococcus?
as small as .5mircometers
Are pseudomonas gram negative or positive?
negative
Are pseudomonas aerobic or anaerobic?
aerobic
What shape are pseudomonas?
rod
What disease is linked with pseudomonas?
P. aeruginosa
Are pseudomonas pathogenic?
sometimes (UTI)
What are some characteristics of pseudomonas?
if it gets in the wound it gets stinky and is blue and green
Is Legionella gram negative or positive?
negative
Is Legionella aerobic or anaerobic?
aerobic
What shape is legionella?
rod
When was legionella found?
1976
Where are legionella found?
air conditioning
What diseases might legionella casue?
Legionaires, L. pneumophila
Are Neiseria gram negative or positive?
negative
Are Neiseria aerobic or anaerobic?
aerobic
What cell structure do neiseria have?
diplococcus
Are Neiserria pathogenic?
yes
What diseases might Neisseria cause?
N. gonnorrhea, N. meningitis
Is Brucella gram negative or positive?
negative
Is Brucella aerobic or anaerobic?
aerobic
What shape is brucella?
cocci
What shape is neisseria?
cocci
What shape is legionella?
cocci
What shape is pseudomonas?
cocci
What does brucella do?
abortion of calves
Is Brucella motile?
no
What are the two types of endospore forming organisms?
Bacillus, Clostridium
Are endospore forming organisms motile?
yes
Are Bacillus aerobic or anaerobic?
aerobic and facultative anaerobic
How many species of Bacillus are there?
150
How many species of Bacillus are pathogenic?
1 ( B. anthracis/these spores can survive for years)
Are Clostridium aerobic or anaerobic?
anaerobic
What are the diseases caused by Clostridium?
C. Tetani, C. Botulinum, C. Pertringens, C. difficile
What is the common name for C. Tetani?
Tetanus (stab wound/muscles contract)
What is the common name for C. Botulinum?
Botulism (canned foods/muscles relax)
What is the common name for C. pertringens?
Gangrene (deep injury that causes tissue death)