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63 Cards in this Set

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THE STUDY OF BIOLOGY INCLUDES ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT...
EMBRYOLOGY,GEOLOGY,GENETICS,EVOLUTION,AND ZOOLOGY
GEOLOGY
THE ABILITY TI MAINTAIN A RELATIVELY STABLE ENVIROMENT DEFINED WHAT PROPERTY OF LIFE?
HOMEOSTASIS
WHAT FEATURE IS AT THE ORGANISMAL LEVEL(OR WITHIN MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS)LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION?
TISSUE
CARBON IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN _______
ELEMENT
TWO OR MORE _____ MAY COMBINE TO FORM A _______
ATOMS;MOLECULE
THE _____ _____ OF AN ATOM IS DETERMINED BY THE SUM OF MASSES OF ITS PROTONS AND NEUTRONS
ATOMIC MASS
A MUCH TESTED,NEVER FALSIFIED TENTATIVE ANSEWER TO A SCIENTIFIC QUESTION IS A REASONABLE DEFINITION OF A _______
THEORY
THE STEP "DERIVING A PREDICTION" IN THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD DEPENDS MOST CLOSELY ON ______ ______
DEDUCTIVE REASONING
HOW DO DEUTERIUM,TRITIUM,AND HYDROGEN DIFFER?
IN THEIR ATOMIC MASS
THE GREATER CONCENTRATION OF HYDROGEN IONS,THE ______ IN PH
DECREASE...CLOSER TO ACIDIC
______ FORMS RINGS,CHAINS AND BRANCHES WITH ITSELF
CARBON
THE RATE OF DECAY OF A RADIOISOTOPE IS MEASURED BY ITS _____-_____
HALF-LIFE
THE ELEMENT MOST ABUNDAMTLY FORMED IN THE BIG BANG WAS ________
HYDROGEN
ELECTRONS HAVE A _____ CHARGE
NEGATIVE
______ ARE HELD IN ORBIT ABOUT THE NUCLEUS BY ATTRACTION TO ITS NEUTRONS
ELECTRONS
AN ATOM THAT HAS LOST AN ELECTRON IS CALLED A ______
CATION
ELECTRONS _____ AND _____ _____ DETERMINE THE CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF AN ELEMENT
NUMBER AND ENERGY LEVEL
AN ELECTRON IS TRANSFERRED FROM ONE ATOM TO ANOTHER,THE GAIN OF THE ELECTRON IS CALLED______
REDUCTION
______ _____ FORM WHEN 2 ATOMS SHARE ONE OR MORE PAIRS OF VALENCE ELECTRONS
COVALENT BONDS
THE OXYGEN END OF A WATER MOLECULE HAS A PARTIAL NEG CHARGE AND THE HYDROGEN END HAS A POITIVE CHARGE. MOLECULES THAT EXHIBIT THIS CHARGE SEPERATION ARE SAID TO BE _____
POLAR
THE FACT THAT MANY KINDS OF MOLECULES CAN MOVE FREELY IN CELLS,PERMITTING A DIVERSE ARRAY OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS ILLUSTRATES _____
SOLUBILITY
FRUCTOSE IS A _____ OF GLUCOSE
STRUCTURAL ISOMER
LIVING THINGS USE ___ SUGARS AND ___ AMINO ACIDS
D;L
______ FORMS A 6 MEMEBER RING IN SOLUTION
GLUCOSE
______ IS AN ALDOHEXOSE AND A POLYALCHOL
GLUCOSE
what ultimately determines the structure/function of a polypeptide?
ITS AMINO ACID SEQUENCE
_______ _____ ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MOVEMENT OF WATER IN PLANT STEMS
HYDROGEN BONDS
ALPHA HELIX'S AND BETA SHEETS REFER TO THE ______ ______ OF A POLYPEPTIDE
SECONDARY STRUCTURE
SUCROSE CONSISTS OF...
1 GLUCOSE AND 1 FRUCTOSE
_______ IS THE MOST HIGHLY BRANCHED POLYSACCHARIDE
GLYCOGEN
THE ______ GROUP CONFERS ACID PROPERTIES ON BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES
CARBOWYL
THE BOND B/W AMINOACIDS IN A POLYPEPTIDE IS _______
PEPTIDE
PEPTIDE BONDS ARE ______ AND ______
COVALENT AND PLANAR
_______ HAVE 1 SATURATED AND 1 UNSATURATED FATTY ACID
PHOSPHOLIPIDS
_______ HAVE HYDROPHOBIC AND HYDROPHILLIC ENDS
PHOSPHOLIPIDS
________ SPONTANEOUSLY FORM BILAYERS IN WATER
PHOSPHOLIPIDS
REACTIONS IN WHICH LARGE MOLECULES ARE DISSASSEMBLED ARE PART OF ________
CATABOLISM
OMEGA 3 IS ASSOCIATED WITH _______ _____ _____
UNSATURATED FATTY ACID
STEROID IS ASSOCIATED WITH ___ _______ ____
5 INTERLOCKING RINGS
TERPENE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ______,_______
PIGMENT,FRAGRANCE
UNSATURATED FATTY ACID IS ASSOCIATED WITH _____ _______ ________
LOWER MELTING TEMPERATURE
ASN ABBREVIATION MEANS...
ASPARAGINE
MET ABBREVIATION MEANS...
1ST AMINO ACID ADDED TO POLYPEPTIDE
SER ABBREVIATION MEANS...
PHOSPHORYLATION OF HYDROXYL GROUP
VAL ABBREVIATION MEANS...
HYDROPHOBIC R GROUP
WHOSE EXPERIMENT SHOWED THAT ORGANIC MOLECULES ASSOCIATED WITH LIFE CAN BE FORMED UNDER HYPOTHESIZED PREBIOTIC CONDITIONS?
MILLER AND UREY
RNA WITH CATLYTIC ACTIVITY IS REFERRED TO AS A ______
RIBOZYME
ENERGY IN ATP IS STORED IN _____ B/W _____
BONDS;PHOSPHATES
ALL NUCLEOTIDES WITH 3 PHOSPHATES ARE _____ ______ MOLECULES
HIGH ENERGY
_____ IS CHEMICALLY MORE STABLE THAN RNA
DNA
____ EVOLVED AFTER RNA
DNA
THE _______ MICROSCOPE HAS THE RESOLUTION NECESSARY TO SEE SUCH THINGS AS THE CYTOSKELETON,NUCLEAR PORES AND RIBOSOMES
ELECTRON
THE BACTERIAL CELL WALL IS COMPOSED OF ________
PEPTIDOGYCAN
BACTERIAL DNA IS ______ AND LOCATED IN A ______
CIRCULAR;NUCLEOID
A AND G ARE ______,FOUND IN BOTH ____ AND _____
PURINES;DNA;RNA
IN ATP,______ IS ATTATCHED TO THE 1' CARBON OF A ______ BOND
ADENINE;GLYCOSIDIC
________ ARE ATTATCHED TO THE 5' CARBON IN NUCLEOTIDES
PHOSPHATES
THYMINE PAIRS WITH ____ IN DNA
A
THE BOND CONNECTING MONOMERIC UNITS IN DNA AND RNA IS ________
PHOSPHODIESTER
TERMS SUCH AS BUBBLES,COACERVATES,PROTOBIONTS,MICELLES,ETC. REFER TO THE HYPOTHESISZED ______ OF _____
ORIGIN OF CELLS
THE BACTERIAL FLAGELLUM IS COMPOSED OF _______
FLAGELLIN
IN EUKARYOTIC CELLS,THE CHLOROPLAST,MITOCHONDRIAN AND NUCLEUS ALL HAVE A ______ _______
DOUBLE MEMBRANE
IN EUKARYOTIC CELLS,THE SPINDLE FOR MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS IS ORGANIZED BY _________
CENTRIOLES