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48 Cards in this Set

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The lower the pH, the ... the proton concentration
higher
Cationic acids have a (+) charge and 3 amino acid examples are ...
His
Arg
Lys
Neutral acids do not have a charge and 2 amino acid examples are ...
Asp
Glu
what is the pH of normal blood plasma?
7.4
what is the normal blood gas of CO2?
40 mmHg
biochemically, ... sucks as a buffer, but biologically, since we can control it, it's good
biocarbonate
alkalosis has (low or high) pH?
high
hyperventilation can cause respiratory...
alkalosis
shallow breathing can cause respiratory...
acidosis
Impaired respiration such as pneumonia, emphysema, congestive heart failure, asthma, and respiratory center depression (morphine poisoning) are causes of respiratory...
respiratory acidosis
Pyloric stenosis (intestinal obstruction), prolonged vomiting, and excessive removal of gastric secretions are causes of metabolic...
alkalosis
uncontrolled diabetes w/ ketosis, renal insufficiency, acid poisoning, and excessive loss of intestinal fluids are causes of metabolic...
acidosis
what is the only amino acid that does not display chirality (does not have 4 different groups attached to central carbon)
glycine
all amino acids found in mammalian proteins are (L or R) isomers?
L-isomers
Arginine
Arg
R
Glutamine
Gln
Q
Lysine
Lys
K
Glycine
Gly
G
Proline
Pro
P
Glutamic Acid
Glu
E
Methionine
Met
M
Leucine
Leu
L
Phenylalanine
Phe
F
Tyrosine
Tyr
Y
Tryptophan
Trp
W
Alanine
Ala
A
Histidine
His
H
Serine
Ser
S
Aspartic Acid
Asp
D
Threonine
Thr
T
Cysteine
Cys
C
Asparagine
Asn
N
Isoleucine
Ile
I
Valine
Val
V
which amino acid is capable of forming di-sulfide bonds and can link different parts of protein chains together?
cysteine
what is this?
-an ion that carries both a positive and negative charge (and can thus be electrically neutral)
-can also be considered both an acid and a base
zwitterion
the ... amino acids must be obtained from the diet.
essential
our cells synthesize ... amino acids, even if we do not ingest them.
nonessential
What are the 10 essential amino acids?
PVT TIM HALL

Phenylalanine
Valine
Threonine

Tryptophan
Isoleucine
Methionine

Histodine
Arginine
Leucine
Lysine
What are the 2 amino acids that are non essential in adults, but essential in children?
Cysteine and Tyrosine
What is a peptide consisting of only 2 amino acids
dipeptide
what is a single linear chain of less than 50 amino acids?
polypeptide
what is a peptide that functions as a blood-borne chemical messenger in the body
peptide hormone
what is a peptide that functions within the nervous tissue
neuropeptide
What is one or more closely assiciated polypeptide chains, longer than 50 amino acids in length?
protein
amino acids are joined through an amide bond called a ...

-forms between amino group of one AA and the alpha-carboxyl group of another AA

-reaction is considered a dehydration or condensation reaction
peptide bond
what determines the way a protein folds into a unique 3-D structure (native conformation)?
primary structure
Structure -----> ?
function