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50 Cards in this Set

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Acyclovir-What are the uses?
Oral: Antiviral-HSV 1/2 & Varicella Zoster; Herpes simplex encephalitis in pts>6mo; herpes zoster(shingles) & chickenpox; Ointment: initial HSV genital infxns; Unlabeled use: cytomegalovirus & HSV infxn following transplant, herpes simplex infxns, varicella pneumonia, disseminated primary eczema herpeticum.
Antiviral; Herpes
Acyclovir-Preg Category
B; Lactation Safe
okay for prego/bf
Acyclovir-Side Effects
CNS: h/a, vertigo, depression, tremors, encephalopathic chgs;
Skin: inflammation or phlebitis at inj sites, rash, hair loss; GI: n/v, diarrhea, anorexia;
GU: crystalluria w/rapid IV adm, hematuria; Topical adm: transient burning at site of application
Amoxicillin-What are the uses?
Antibiotic, penicillin-ampicillin type; H.pylori infxn in combo w/other agents; Post-exposure prophylaxis against Bacillus anthracis; Unlabeled: Chlamydia trachomatis in prego
Amoxicillin-Preg Category
B;
Antibiotic-Penicillin
Amoxicillin-Side effects
CNS: lethargy, hallucinations, seizures;
GI: glossitis, stomatitis, gastritis, sore mouth, furry tongue, black “hairy” tongue, n/v, diarrhea, abd pain, bldy diarrhea, enterocolitis, pseudomembranous colitis, nonspecific hepatitis;
GU: Nephritis; Hematologic: anemia, thrombocytopenia, leucopenia, neutropenia, prolonged bleeding time; Hypersensitivity: rash, fever, wheezing, anaphylaxis;
Other: superinfections-oral & rectal moniliasis, vaginitis
Avelox-Uses
Adults w/comm. Acquired pneumonia; bacterial sinusitis; acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis; uncomplicated skin infxns
Antibiotic; Fluoroquinolone
Avelox-Class
Antibiotic; Fluoroquinolone
Avelox-Preg Category
C
Avelox-Side effects
CNS: h/a, dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, somnolence, depression, nervousness, anxiety, paresthesia;
CV: palpitations, tachycardia, HTN, hypotension, prolonged QT interval;
GI: n/v, dry mouth, diarrhea, anorexia, gastritis, stomatitis; Hematologic: altered PTT (prothrombin time), thrombocytopenia, eosinophilia;
Resp: asthma, cough, dyspnea, pharyngitis, rhinitis; Other: fever, rash, sweating, photosensitivity, tendonitis
Bactroban-aka
mupirocin topical ointment
Bactroban-Class
Antibiotic; topical
Bactroban-Uses
Used to tx impetigo caused by Staph aureus, Streptococcus, & Staph pyogenes; also nasal agent- used to eradicate nasal colonization of MRSA
Antibiotic; topical
Bactroban-Side effects
Serious rxns: superinfxn (prolonged use); Common rxns: burning, pain, pruritis, erythema, dry skin, tenderness, cellulitis
Biaxin XL-Class
Macrolide antibiotic
Biaxin XL-Uses
URI & LRI; skin & structure infxns; Disseminated mycobacterial infxns; active duodenal ulcer w/H.pylori in combo w/proton pump inhibitor; acute otitis media, acute max sinusitis; mild-mod comm.acquired pneumonia
Biaxin XL-Preg Category
B
Biaxin XL-Side effects
CNS: dizziness, h/a, vertigo, somnolence, fatigue;
GI: diarrhea, abd pain, nausea, dyspepsia, flatulence, vomiting, melena, pseudomembranous colitis;
Other: superinfxns, inc PT, dec WBC
Cefzil-Class
Antibiotic; Cephalosporin (2nd generation)
Cefzil-Uses
pharyngitis or tonsillitis; 2ndary bacterial infxn of acute bronchitis & exacerbation of chronic bronchitis; Dermatologic infxns; Otitis media; acute sinusitis
Cefzil-Preg Category
B
Cefzil-Side effects
CNS: h/a, dizziness, lethargy, paresthesia; GI: n/v, diarrhea, anorexia, abd pain, flatulence, pseudomembranous colitis, liver toxicity; GU: nephrotoxicity; Hematologic: Bone marrow depression; Hypersensitivity: ranging from rash to fever to anaphylaxis, serum sickness reaction;
Other: superinfxns
Cephalexin-Class
Antibiotic; Cephalosporin (1st generation)
Cephalexin-Uses
Resp tract infxn; Dermatologic infxns d/t staph & streptococci; Otitis media; Bone infxns; GU infxns
Cephalexin-Preg Category
B
Cephalexin-Side effects
CNS: h/a, dizziness, lethargy, paresthesias;
GI: n/v, diarrhea, anorexia, abd pain, flatulence, pseudomembranous colitis, liver toxicity; GU: nephrotoxicity; Hematologic: bone marrow depression; Hypersensitivity: ranging from rash to fever to anaphylaxis, serum sickness reaction;
Other: superinfxns
Ciprofloxacin HCL-Class
Antibacterial; Quinolones
Ciprofloxacin HCL-Uses
Infxns d/t susceptible gram-neg bacteria; Acute otitis externa (otic); chronic bacterial prostatitis; nosocomial pneumonia; typhoid fever (oral); STD N.gonorrhea (oral);
prevention of anthrax following exposure to anthrax bacilla (prophylactic use in regions suspected of germ warfare); unlabeled: cystic fibrosis w/pulm exacerbations
Ciprofloxacin HCL-Preg Category
C
Ciprofloxacin HCL-Side effects
CNS: h/a, dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, somnolence, depression, blurred vision;
CV: Arrhythmias, hypotension, angina; GI: n/v, dry mouth, diarrhea, abd pain; Hematologic: Elevated BUN, AST, ALT, serum creatinine & alkaline phosphatase, dec WBC, neutrophil count, Hct;
Other: fever, rash
Diflucan-Fluconazole-Class
Antifungal
Diflucan-Uses
oropharyngeal, esophageal, & vag candidiasis; cryptoccal meningitis; systemic fungal infxns;
prophylaxis to dec incidence of candidiasis in bone marrow transplants
Diflucan-Preg Category
C
Diflucan-Side effects
CNS: h/a;
GI: n/v, diarrhea, abd pain;
Other: rash
Doxycycline Hyclate-Class
Tetracycline antibiotic
Doxycycline-aka
Vibramycin
Doxycycline-Uses
Infxns d/t rickettsiae; agents of psittacosis; When penicillin is contraindicated; adjunct to amebicides in acute intestinal amebiasis; Oral tetracyclines used for acne, uncomplicated adult urethral, endocervical, or rectal infxns d/t C. trachomatis; Malaria prophylaxis for short term use in travelers; Tx of periodontal dx as adjunct to scaling & root planning; Unlabeled: prevention of “traveler’s diarrhea"
Doxycycline-Uses (Lalona's)
Infections with gram pos & neg organisms. Chylamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, malaria prevention, PID, cutaneous anthrax, acne, e.coli travelers diarrhea
Doxycycline-Dental s/e
Dental: discoloring & inadequate calcification of primary teeth of fetus if used by prego women and of permanent teeth if used during period of dental development
Doxy-more s/e
Skin: phototoxic reactions, rash, exfoliative dermatitis (more freq & more severe w/this tetracycline than others);
GI: fatty liver, liver failure, anorexia, n/v, diarrhea, glossitis, dysphagia, enterocolitis, esophageal ulcer; Hematologic: hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, eosinophilia, leukocytosis, leucopenia;
Local: irritation at inj site;
Other: superinfxns, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus syndrome
Doxy-Preg Category
D
Erythromycin-Class
Macrolide antibiotic
Erythromycin-applications
applications: Systemic, oral, ophthalmic ointment, topical solutions, topical ointment
Erythromycin-uses
Systemic Administration:
Acute infxns; URIs, LRIs, skin & soft tissue infxns;
PID; In conjunction w/sulfonamides in URIs; As adjunct to antitoxin in infxns; Prophylaxis against alpha-hemolytic strep endocarditis before dental or other procedures in pts allergic to penicillin w/valvular heart dx; Oral: tx of intestinal amebiasis; infxns in newborn & in prego d/t Chlamydia; & in adult chlamydial infxns when tetracycline cannot be used; primary syphilis
Erythromycin-more uses
in penicillin-allergic pts; eliminating Bordetella pertussis organisms from nasopharynx of infected individuals & as prophylaxis in exposed & suspectible individuals;
unlabeled: erythromycin base used w/neomycin before colorectal surg to reduce wound infxn; tx of severe diarrhea asso w/ Campylobacter enteritis or enterocolitis; tx genital inguinal or anorectal lymphogranuloma venereum infxn; tx of Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid); Ophthalmic ointment: tx superficial ocular infxns d/t susceptible strains of microorganism; prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum d/t. N.gonorrhea or C. trachomatis;
Topical skin solns for acne vulgaris;
Skin ointment: prophylaxis against infxn in minor skin abrasions
Erythromycin-s/e
Systemic:
CNS: Reversible hearing loss, confusion, uncontrollable emotions, abn thinking;
GI: Abd cramps, anorexia, diarrhea, vomiting, pseudomembranous colitis, hepatoxicity; Hypersensitivity: allergic rxns ranging from rash to anaphylaxis;
Other: superinfxns;
Erythromycin-more s/e
Ophthalmic ointment:
Skin: edema, urticaria, dermatitis, angioneurotic edema; Local: irritation, burning, itching at site;
Topical skin prep: Local: superinfxns, particularly w/long term use
Erythromycin-uses (Lalona's)
Acute PID, intestinal amebiasis, to prevent rheumatic fever, urethritis, syphilis in pts allergic to PCN, mycoplasmic pneumonia, URI/LRI
Erythromycin-s/e (Lalona's)
Fever, ventricular arrythmias, vein irritation, hearing loss, cholestatic jaundice, urticaria, rash, eczema, overgrowth of nonsusceptible bacteria or fungi
Erythromycin-Preg Category
B