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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Management Is An Art
Up to 1900
Contributors
Peter Drucker
Main Focus
- No rules/theories on management
- No textbooks, no degree programs
- 1st Business school not until 1890
Tools/Contributions
Learn management from experiences, internships
Modern Applications
Entrepreneurs, Internships
Scientific Management
1910s
Contributors
- Frederick Taylor
- Frank Gilbreth
- Lillian Gilbreth
Main Focus
- Systematic study of management
- Use scientific method
- Micro focus (focus upon one worker)
- Increase productivity
Tools/Contributions
- 4 Duties of a manager
- Time and Motion Studies
- Methods Analysis
Modern Applications
Ergonomics - things affect productivity
Administrative School
1920s
Contributors
- Henry Fayol
- Max Weber - Bureaucracy
Main Focus
- Macro Focus (entire org.)
- How to structure the org?
- Layers of mgmt, span of control
Tools/Contributions
- Organization Chart
- 14 Rules of structuring
Modern Applications
Firms restructuring, downsizing
Behavioral School
1930s
Contributors
- Elton Mayo
- Ohio State University
- Michigan State University
Main Focus
Increase employee morale
Tools/Contributions
Theories on: Leaderships, motivation, communication, negotiatin/conflict resolution, team building, organizational development, creativity training
Modern Applications
- Business books on theories
- Low employee morale
Decision Sciences/Mgmt Sciences/Operations Research
1940s
Contributors
U.S. Military, large firms
Main Focus
Use quantitative tools to optimize resource allocation
Tools/Contributors
Linear Programming
Transportation/Distribution models
- Simplx method
- Forecasting models
- Inventory formuals EOQ
- Project Management: PERT/CPM
Modern Applications
- Increased popularity of tools
- Quantitiative software applications
Systems School
1950s
Contributors
Herbert Simon
Main Focus
View the organization as a whole
Tools/Contributions
Socio-Technical View of firm
Modern Applications
Erp systems: oracle
Situational-Contingency
1960s-1970s
Contributors
Blake & Mouton
Main Focus
There are no rule, no theories of mgmt, because each situations is different and unique
Tools/Contributions
It all depends
- 3 main factors
- know yourself as a manager (your style, personality)
- know your company characteristics
- know your employees
Modern Applications
Biggest factor maturity level of employees, if mature, empower
- delegate theory
Modern Management/Global Business
1980s-1990s
Contributors
Bill Ouchi, Tom Peters, Michael Porter
Main Focus
How to compete and position firm in a global market
Tools/Contributions
Ouchi - Theory Z Japanese style mgmt
Peters - In search of excellence
Porter - Competitive strategy, options for positioning 5 forces model
Learning Organzation knowledge mgmt
2000
Contributors
several
Main Focus
HOw to use IT for strategic advantage (Use it as an offensive weapon)
Tools/Contributors
Electronic commerce B2b, b2c, etc
- Data mining