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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
It is desirable to induce
minimal discomfort, emotional stress and anxiety prior to unconsciousness.
what is euthanasia
painless death
rapid unconsciousness and a swift painless death
unconsciousness+respiratory arrest - cardiac arrest - cessation of brain function - clinical death
commonly used drugs

first
first step
tranquilizers and sedatives
administered prior to euthanasia solution in order to reduce pain, allay fear, reduce anxiety and facilitate restraint
commonly used drugs

second
rapid intravenous administration of an overdose of pentobarbital, secobarbita or chloral hydrate as fast-acting anesthetic agents
given IP or IV
commonly used drugs

third
some euthanasia solutions are combinations of fast acting barbiturates + local anesthetics such as
Lidocaine or dibucaine (which stop the heart conduction in large doese) + muscle paralyzing agents such as succinyl choline or magnesium sulfate (which acts like curare)
commonly used drugs

fourth
T-61 and euthanol, are common products. all solutions are schedule II controlled substances, are brightly colored and usually kept separted from other commonly used drugs under lock and key to help insure avoidance of disatrous mix-ups.
Procedure
Common questions/answers -
Needs of the Client
Assurance of a "good death"
common questions/answers
need of the client
explain the procedure inas much detail as the client wishes. not knowing or not understanding what is about to happen is the source of great anxiety.
common questions/answers
needs of the client
assurance that they have made the right decision for their pet. clients must understand that their decision is irreversible. support their choice (the ultimate choice must be theirs althought they rely heavily on our advice
common questions/answers
needs of the client
acknowledgment of and comfort for their anzity, uneasiness, embarrassment, fear, distress, pain, grief, etc. help the owner feel as comfortable as possible at this difficult time
common questions/answers
needs of the client
allow them sufficient private time to say "good-bye"
common questions/answers
needs of the client
obtain signatures on euthanasia consent form and collect fees before th euthanasia is performed - they will be too distress afterwards. some clinics will bill clients. not advisable. they may expect this service for free!
common questions/answers
needs of the client
it is often best to ask the client what they want done with the body fefore they come in or before the actual procedure is perfomred. be ready to discuss options and fees. many times, clients need assurance that the animals will be disposed of according to their wishes and not "used for research". etc.
Administration of the euthanasia solution
one
IP or IV +/- place an intravenous catheter first
administration of the
euthanasia solution
two
should the client be present/ what is the client's desire?
Administration of euthanasia solution
Be ready and make sure the client is ready
rapid administration into a peripheral vien, unconsciousness will occur with seconds and death within 1-2 minutes.
administration of euthanasia solution
The phases of anesthesia induction they apply here
expect the excitement phase and be ready to restrain appropriately to avoid a distressing scene for the client.
Good restraint is essential to minimize distress and ensure the swift completion of the procedure.
admin of euthanasia solution
reflexes
remember that relexes can be present after the animal is unconscious
Movement does not equal sensation.
admin of euthanasia solution
reflexes
note also that when muscle paralysers are used, absence of movement does not equal unconsciousness and lack of sensation-(this practice is unacceptable).
admin of euthanasia solution
vocalizations movements
assure the owner that the animal is is unconscious and not experiencing a ny pain or distress and that these are involuntary reflexes
admin of euthan solution
clearing of bowels
it is common for an animal to urinate and defecate-wrap the animal in absorbent towel or blanket to prevent embarrassment on the part of the client. this can be quite distressing for them to witness and a mess to clean up later.
admin of euthan solution
agonal gasps
muscle twitches
warn the owner or these normal phenomenon can be very upsetting
Attending to the Clients needs afterwards
protocal
the vet or tech will listen to the animals heart with a stethoscope
be certain that the animal is dead.
once this is done the client is told " the animal is "gone"
this provides the client with a definite end point
ask the client if they would like some time alone with the animal and provide a private, quiet place for them if they wish.
generally leave them alone for a few minutes then reenter and ask if there is anything you can do for them.
Some owners would rather say goodbye and leave before the procedure is done
other wish to stay and watch the entire event.
others will come in to room after euthanasia is done (not wanting to see that part) and then want to say goodbye to their pet.
how to attend to the clients needs afterwards
ALLWAYS ASK UP FRONT SO YOU KNOW EXACTLY WHAT THEY WANT TO DO AND SO YOU CAN RESPECT THEIR WISHES
THE GRIEF PROCESS BEGINS IMMEDIATELY OR EVEN BEFORE THE ACTUAL EVENT
BE PREPARED