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16 Cards in this Set

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Who was Robespierre?
The leader of the 12 people on the Committe of Public Safety which governed France, basically, during the most radical phase of the revolution
What was Robespierre's political position?
His political position was that terror is important in creating a Republic and overthrowing the enemies of the Revolution
Who was he speaking to?
I guess to the Convention or to people who did not agree with his use of violence
What genre of literature is this
It is a political speech
How does Reobespierre relate to the thoughts of philosophes like Rousseau?
Rousseau said in the Social Contract that "man is born free but everywhere is in chains." Robespierre said that "but when... a peole breaks the chains of despotism to make them into cahins of liberty" he uses the same metaphor that Rousseau did. What Robespierre is saying is that people need to fight to be free, and the philophes were big believers in freedom, liberty, and more freedom.
define totalitarian
a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life, the individual is subordinated to the state, and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed: “A totalitarian regime crushes all autonomous institutions in its drive to seize the human soul” (answers.com)
What is totalitarian about Robespierre's ideas?
He thinks that in order to create the Republic, he can do whatever he wants.
define 'nationalistic'
The belief that nations will benefit from acting independently rather than collectively, emphasizing national rather than international goals.
What is nationalistic about Robespierre's ideas?
He says "love of country presupposes or produces all the virtues." He says that the nation of France is all he cares about
Why does Robespierre think terror is virtuous?
he says "the government of the revolution is liberty's despotism against tyranny." He says that it is okay to be a despot using terror because it is the way the revolition is going to win. He sounds like George Bush who thinks it is okay to use torture to create a world that is 'safe for democracy.'
terror
terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflixible
virtue
love of country and its laws
republic
Revolutionary France, a democratic country
purity
the rightness of the goal of overthrowing the old ways. the rights of the public over the rights of the private. the truth of the revolution
destiny
that France will be free of aristocracy and monarchy .
mandate
a command that is created by people all agreeing on something in general. "the people's mandate" is the revolution, because it is what the people want.