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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Where and when was Karl Marx born?
Ol' Charlie was born in Trier, Germany on May 5, 1818. (p 16)
What type of reputation did he earn as a young man studying in Bonn and Berlin? Why did he end up studying philosophy?
Everyone thought he was a troublemaker. The professors at Bonn University said he was better at pursuing "wine, women and song" then studying! When he went to Berlin, he turned athiest and subversive. He wanted to study philosophy so he could answer the important questions: "What is the meaning of my life and what purpose should it serve"? (pp 17, 19)
Who were "Hegelians of the left?"
Those who wanted to put Hegel's ideas into action in society.
Who was Frederick Hegel and what was his philosophy of history?
Hegel was one of the most famous German philosophers. He wanted to make religion into a science because it could be applied to reason. He thought history was a long struggle of ideas. (p 20)
What is the significance of Marx accepting a job with the Rhenish Gazette in 1842?
Political journalsim. He wrote all sorts of nasty criticism against the social horrors in Berlin. (p 23)
Describe Marx's wife, Jenny von Westphalen.
Beautiful, rich, and she came from a family of Prussian aristocrats. (p 24)
What effect did moving to Paris have on Marx's ideas?
He became more radical, meeting French philosophers and anarchists. (p 25)
Who was Frederick Engels? How did he draw the attention of Marx?
Engels was a German thinker who became sympathetic for workers while working for his father, a rich factory owner. He wrote an article about economics and the working class that Marx loved. (pp 26-28)
Why was Marx expelled from Paris in 1845? How does he end up in London as a "stateless person" in 1849? What kind of life did he lead there? When did he die?
The Prussian govt hated his articles, so they told France to expel him. He left for London because he kept getting expelled from every country he lived in, so he was a "man without a country." He lived the rest of his life in London, where he was incredibly poor. He died in 1883.
What was the Communist League and the Communist Manifesto?
The League was a secret society Marx and Engels were members of. The League commissioned them to write a document about their beliefs called the Communist Manifesto.
Why didn't Marx's writing have an immediate impact on workers' movement in Europe?
Not many people knew about him, or were able to read his ideas. Plus, his writing was so complex it was incredibly hard for people to get.
What was Das Kapital?
Marx's life work. A huge three volume set of writing on his beliefs that he never finished (Engels finished with his notes). It means, "Capital."