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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What kind of people were Methodists like John Wesley?

a) workers who smashed machines and burned factories
b) idealists who reformed labor conditions
c) women who worked twelve hour days
d) sober moralists who made steps toward social reform
d) sober moralists who made steps toward social reform
Why do people wonder whether the Industrial Revolution was a good or a bad idea?

a) they missed the old ways of farming
b) it brought terrible hardships
c) it created a middle class
d) the cost of railroad fares fell
b) it brought terrible hardships
Why did factory owners like to hire women over men?

a) they were easier to manage
b) they were smaller, so they could work the machines better
c) they could bring their children to work too
d) they didn't mind a little lint in their lungs
a) they were easier to manage
Why did cholera and other diseases spread quickly in tenement buildings?

a) diseases lived in the walls
b) people moved from other countries and brought germs with them
c) garbage and human waste lay in the streets because there were no toilets
d) the air smelled bad and was full of disease
c) garbage and human waste lay in the streets because there were no toilets
What was the most important difference for workers between factory work and farm work?

a) workers were inside
b) workers were often children
c) factory owners kept them on a strict schedule
d) workers didn't have to rotate machines like crops
c) factory owners kept them on a strict schedule
Why did Luddites hate machines?

a) they were behind the times
b) they all lost fingers
c) they were morally against technology
d) they had all lost jobs to machines
d) they had all lost jobs to machines
How were middle-class women different from working-class women?

a) they didn't do housework
b) they never lost fingers in the factories
c) they were all Methodists
d) all of these
a) they didn't do housework
How did labor unions improve situations in factories?

a) got rid of machines
b) trapped lint in the air
c) smashed machines
d) improved wages and hours
d) improved wages and hours
Why did children work in factories?

a) their families needed the money
b) all their friends worked too
c) they liked getting dirty
d) factory owners gave them candy
a) their families needed the money
What kinds of problems did factory work create for women who worked?
They didn't have time any more to feed their families, clean, or get better from sicknesses.
What were major differences between working-class neighborhoods and middle-class neighborhoods?
Working-class neighborhoods smelled bad, and were full of tenement buildings. There was no running water or sanitation, so garbage rotted in the streets.
In middle-class neighborhoods, however, people lived in single homes, and they had maids to do cleaning and chores. People dressed and ate well.
How did factory overseers treat their workers?
They were strict and often unreasonable in their expectations of workers. They treated them harshly. They often beat children they accused of idling.
How did the new middle class's mentality contribute to conditions for the working class?
The middle class thought that every person was able to get ahead because they themselves had succeeded that way. They viewed the millions of poor workers as if they were responsible for their own misery.