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7 Cards in this Set

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ruler who was both emperor of Austria and king of Hungary
Francis Joseph
The name given to the special relationship between Austria and Hungary; they shared a ruler and govt offices, but had independence from each other
Dual Monarchy
Explain how nationalism affected the Austrian Empire.
The Austrian Empire was made up of lots of different nationalities, and these different people sometimes lived in the same area. There was always a tension between these groups and the govt, who wanted to view them as simply subjects.
How was the Dual Monarchy organized? Why did it fail to end nationalist demands?
Francis Joseph would be a common ruler over both, and they would share govt ministries, but they were independent in other areas. The Slavs didn't like the idea, though, because they felt it was a compromise rather than an actually independent state.
How did Balkan nationalism contribute to the decline of the Ottoman empire?
Like the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Balkans had tons of different nationalities, and so because each group wanted its own state, they were easily taken over by larger countries.
Do you think that either the Hapsburgs or the Ottoman Turks could have built a modern, unified nation from their multinational empires? Explain.
History has shown that it's possible to do that; look at the United States, for example. What's needed is to band together to build a new country rather than insist on state borders based on ethnic population--then no one is happy. In that way, it would have been probably impossible for either the Hapsburgs or the Ottomans to achieve that kind of state.
What actions did Francis Joseph take to maintain power in Austra-Hungary? How else might he have responded to nationalist demands?
He instituted some minor reforms, like a new constitution that set up a legislature. This didn't work, though, because it consisted mostly of German-speaking Austrians and no other ethnic groups. He could have made everyone happy by including these groups.