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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
European nations colonized other countries because they wanted
more raw materials ans customers
Augustus Caesar
first emperor of the Roman Empire
One of ancient Rome's greatest contributions to the world was
an organized system of written laws
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
his assassination triggered the outbreak of WOrld War I
Martin Luther
criticized the Catholic Church and started the Protestant Reformation
Rennaissance
time period in European history when the way a rebirth of learning and art
Henry Bessemer
developed an improved method of making steel
city-state
a city that is also an independent nation
Socrates
taught others to uses reason to find the truth; was killed for his teachings
appeasement
making concessions to preserve the peace
Benito Mussolini
Facist leader of Italy before and during World War II
colony
a territory ruled by a distant nation
Henry Ford
improved factories by developing the assembly line
feudalism
system of rule by lords who were loyal to a king
James Watt
improved the steam engine
humanism
an approach to knowledge that focused on improving the world
During the Scientific Revolution, scientists ased their threories on information they had
tested
reparations
payment for war damages
Napoleon
became the ruler of France after the French Revolution; sought to build an empire
Adolf Hitler
Nazi leader of Germany before and during World War II
Johann Gutenberg
first to develop the printing press in Europe
middle class
group of people economically between the poor and the very rich
The idea of democracy came from
Alexander the Great
revolution
far reaching change
Which war between the US and the Soviet Union (Russia) lasted from 1945 to 1991?
the Cold War
manor
village and surrounding lands administered by a lord
Michelangelo
Renaissance artist who painted the Sistine Chapel
democracy
a government where the people rule themselves
Plato
bstudent of Socrates; wrote down Socrates teachings
Middle Ages
time period in Europe between ancient and modern times

monarchy
a country ruled by a king or a queen
empire
large collection of people and lands ruled by a single government
acropolis
hill-top fortress
textile
a cloth product
serf
a person who lived on and farmed a lord's land in feudal times
blitzkrieg
lightning was
Industrial Revolution
time period in European history when the way good were produced changed
Pax Romana
the first 200 years of the Roam Empire which were very peaceful
Alexander the Great
created Hellenistic civilization by expanding his empire
absolute monarch
government in which the king or queen has complete control and power
Enlightenment
time period when philosophers introduced ideas of freedom and equality for all people
alliance
mutual agreement between countries to protect and defend each other
imperialism
the practice of taking over other lands and turning them into colonies
nationalism
pride in ones country; elevation on one's own nation above others