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47 Cards in this Set

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In which pillars does the ECJ function?
only the first
How many judges are in the ECJ?
25 judges, one for each country
what is the role of the advocates general? How many are there?
8 advocated general; provide legal opinion and prepare decision making; 90% decided by AG
how long is a judges term?
6 years, renewable
what does the president of the ECJ do? How is he elected?
directs work of court; presides over hearing; elected by the judges
where does the ECJ meet? what configuration?
usually in chambers of 3-5 judges; meet in Luxembourg
What is the Court of First Instance? When was it created?
(1988) deals with more technical matters; created to increase efficiency (also 25 judges)
What are the powers of the ECJ?
proceeding for failure to fulfill an obligation; proceedings for annulment; proceedings for failur to act; actions for damages; Appeals; Preliminary Rulings
What is a Preliminary ruling?
If national cour doesn't know what to do (which EU law to apply) can ask a higher court, eventually the ECJ delivers the final ruling;
why is the Preliminary ruling important?
keeps rulings of all member states consistent
When was the European Court of Auditors created?
1975
what does the European Court of Auditors do?
watches over finances and budget
Is Court of Auditors primary institution? A judicial power?
No, neither; have no legal character
What is the organization of the Court of Auditors? How are they elected?
one member from each country, with 6 year term; appointed by council after consultation with EP;
Where is Court of Auditors based? How many people does it employ?
Luxembourg; 300 people
What are the tasks of the Court of Auditors?
auditing accounts and iplementation of the EU budget which aims at improving financial management and reporting to the citizens (use of public funds by authorities)
What is in the yearly report by Court of Auditors
implementation of EU budget each financial year; reliability of accounts and legality/regularity of transactions; annual reports concerning certain Community bodies;
Does the Court of Auditors have to be consulted?
YES --for opinion prior to adoption of certain EC regulations of financial nature
What is the expenditure of the EU budget?
most goes to CAP (48%); regional development (35%); only 5.5% to administrative
What is the principle revenue of the EU budget?
Custom duties, part of value added tax, fraction of GNI
what is the maximum amount of member states GNI used in budget? what is it currently for 2007-
1.27%; is only 1.24% right now
what is a net contributor vs a net receiver?
contributor contribues more money to the EU than gets from it, and receivers receive more for infrastructure than put in
how many years is the budget plan?
7 years (2007-2013)
How does so much get done when the EU has such a little budget?
co-financing with member states; not true for CAP
when was the European Central Bank created?
1998
are those without the euro part of ESCBs?
yes, with special status; allowed to conduct respective national monetary policies but doesn't take part in decision-making regarding euro or its implementation
what is the ESCBs responsible for?
common currency policy guranteeing price stability;
What does the ESCB consist of?
European System of Central Banks consists of the ECB and all national central banks
what are the tasks of the ECB?
Define and implement monetary policy of euro area; foreign exchange operations; hold and manage official foreign reserves of member states; promote smooth operation of payment systems
What are the decision making bodies within the ECB?
Governing Council; Executive Board
what does the Governing Council of the ECB do?
adopts guidelines for Eurosystem and formulates monetary policy of the euro area
what is the organization of the governing council of the ECB? how do they vote?
members of the executive board and governors of the NCBs of member states with euro; vote by simple majority; independent
What does the executive board of the ECB do?
implement monetary policy in accordance with the guidelines and decisions laid down by governing council; give necessary instructions to the NCBs
what is the organization of the executive board of the ECB?
president, Vice-President and four other members; appointed by common accord of governments and member states (recommented by Council, consulted EP and Governing Council)
What is the General Council of the ECB?
Advisory body; gathers information; President, vice-president and governors of NCBs of all member states
What is the difference between French and German economic policies?
Germany supports free market, uses inflation, central bank to steal economy; France uses political influence of central bank to get goal done (lower unemployment)
When is the Economic and Social Committe created? Why?
1958; to assemble employers and employees in a social partnership
What does the EESC do?
Issues statements on proposals (no one needs to listen) and reduces transaction costs
How many members in the EESC? Who are the representatives?
317 members (344 with new members); employers, employees and various interest groups
how many times do the economic and social committee meet? in what formation?
9 plenery sessions a year; 6 single market sections; meet in working groups like Commission (Divded into sections);
When was the Committee of Regions created? Why?
1993; to give representation to the regions in Brussels
What is the CoR role?
advisory body; must be consulted but not listened to
who consults the CoR?
Commmission and Council; after Amsterdam, EP as well
How many members in the CoR? who are they?
317; governors and deputies of regions;
What policy areas can the CoR deal with?
economic and social cohesion; trans-European infrastructure networks; health, education, culture; after amsterdam: employment policy, social policy, environment, vocational training and transport
What are the problems with the CoR?
only minority of states are federal, so artificial regions are created; economical diversity, different interests so difficult to find agreement; not a lot of power
What was the ICG aim in 1999 after Amsterdam? (Amsterdam leftovers)
Possible extension of QMV in Council; Weighting of votes in Council; size and composition of the European Commission; enhanced co-operation;