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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the two challenges facing modern states?
Functional differentiation
What does EU integration do compared to nation-state?
answers two challenges by broadening sight, better as a team
How has EU changed in the last decades?
More and more policy areas affected by fusing national and European policy making (some areas 80% made at European level)
What is the definition of democratic deficit?
rulers are only indirectly held accountable for their policies and actions in the public realm
Explain what it means to have a complex multi-level system?
fusion of national and supranational institutions
What is the Miracle of leaving Vienna?
In Brussels executive becomes legislative, meaning there is not separation of powers and no competition at supratnation level for parties
Who is the prince?
Council of Ministers and European Council have the most power; choose efficiency over effectivity (including the people)
What does it mean to "tame the prince"?
creating system of checks and balances between Council and EP and between supranational and national institutions; incresing public accounatbility
who should tame the prince?
sovereign is the people;
why could European identity not come up in european elections?
turnouts low, campaigns mostly about national issues, citizens convinced of irrelevance of EP
Who and what did the German foreign minister say in 2000?
Fischer proposed a European federation that will create a government from COuncil and COmmission and bicameral EP with real legislative power; all brought to life by a constituent treaty
What are Craig's six basic criticisms of EU system?
Distance issue
Executive dominance issue
Bypassing democracy
Transparency and complexity
Substantive imbalance
Weakening of judicial control
what did Craig define as the three levels of governance?
international, supranational and infranational
What does Moravcsik argue overall?
No democratic deficit. EU is effective and successful because it practices limited government
Why does MOravcsik argue that the EU is limited governance?
limited impact on partisan issues dominating modern politics (social welfare, culture, education)
narrowly constrained by national governments
constitutional checks and balances
no power to tax, spend or coerce
large majorities needed for legislation
recent initiatives are intergovernmental, non-binding
what are the five main arguments for the Democratic Deficit?
1-EU has strong executive institutions and weaker legislative ones;
2-EP is too weak;
3-THere is not truly European elections
4-EU is too distant from voters who don't care
5-EU policies don't represent majority of citizens
What is Morovczik's argument against the EU executive dominance?
national governments most directly accountable in Europea; democratically elected
What is Morovczik's argument against the EP being too weak?
EP has increased power with codecision and veto power over selection of commission
What is Morovczik's argument against the absence of true european elections?
EP elections not significant enough to be significant to average citizens
What is Morovczik's argument against EU being too distant from voters?
EU policy is more transparent than more domestic forms of government;
easier to access documents or info about policy making
What is Morovczik's argument against Eu policies not representing majority of citizens?
extensive checks and balances ensure all parties pulled towards middle;
high threshold for adoption result in compromise
what is Majone's argument? his solution?
the problem is not lack of democracy but lack of legitimacy in minds of Europeans; solution: increase transparency
What do Anderen and Burns argue?
Post-Parliamentary governence (organic governence) : lower importance of Parliaments because too complex and differentiated to control