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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Assumption
A proposition that is taken for granted, as if it were true based on presupposition without support of the facts
Argument
A statement including premises along with the conclusion
Absolute
Moral rules or principles have no exceptions and are context-independent
Consequentialist
A moral judgment that is based on consequences
Deontological
A moral judgment that is based on duties and rights
Descriptive
Empirically grounded
Divine Command Theory
A moral theory that is based on moral rules given by God or gods
Ethical theory
Systematic exposition of a view about the nature of what is good or right
Ethics
The process of asking basic questions about the good life, about whether there is right and wrong, and, if so, how we can know what it is
Ethnocentrism
Judging the world from the perspective of one's own culture
Meta-ethics
The study of the meaning of ethical terms like “right” and “wrong”
Moral Philosophy
The discipline that addresses ethical questions
Nonconsequentialist
A moral judgment that is not based on the consequences or action
Normative
Evaluatively grounded
Norms
Standards
Objective
Independent of minds
Ought
Indicates duty or obligation
Pluralism
The view that there is a variety of equally valid moral principles or equally moral values
Premise
Also called a proposition: is a declarative sentence about something known or taken for granted
Realism
The view that there exists a reality independent of those who know it
Relativism
The view that there is no objective right or wrong
Skepticism
The view that it is difficult, if not impossible, to know something
Sound Argument
A valid argument with true premises, therefore having a true conclusion
Universal
Applicable to all times and places
Value
A worthwhile principle, standard, or quality
Teleological
A goal-orientated view