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20 Cards in this Set

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Ethical Egoism? (2 things)
we should always act in our own self interest.

It is our duty to do what is best for ourselves.
E.E is a ______ therory.
Normative
E.E is NOT a _______ theory.
Descriptive
E.E. is not necessarily a _______ therory.
Hedonistic
Why be an egoist?
We know our needs best, so it's more efficient for everyone to look out for themselves.
What to an Egoist think about Charity?
Charity violates privacy and autonomy and is demeaning.
If you believe _____ will actaully lead to the most ___ overall, you're ___ actually an _____.
egoism; good; not; egoist
Ayn Rand: what does E.E put sufficient value on?
the life of the individual
What does rachels protest in chapter 6; about E.E/Ayn Rand?
she presents a false dichotomy-helping others does not entail neglecting ourselves.
E.E entails _______ _____.
commonsense morality.
there are __-_____ reasons to behave ________.
self-interested; altruistically.
Rachels objections on E.E?
this can't get us far enough.

Gyges Ring still doesn't prove that self interest is the sole of primary motivation.
PROBLEMS WITH E.E?
leads us to thing the actions we think of as bad are actually good, if they are good for the person doing them.
with E.E can conflicts be resolved?
no
E.E would think a constant state of warfare would be _.
OK.
E.E is logically ________/
inconsistant
Rachels disagrees that EE ___ have to hold that it's wrong to prevent others from doing their duty.
don't
E.E violates the _______ rule.
Impartiality
Impartiality rule - there is __ reason to favor _____ over others.
no; yourself.
Rachels view is _______ discrimination.
arbitrary