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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ethical Formalism
A deontological system because the important determinant for judging whether an act is moral is not its consequence, but only the motive or intent of the actor. Absolute system
Utilitarianism
Always act to produce the greatest possible ratio of good to evil for everyone concerned. System presumes you can predict the consequences of your actions.
Ethics of Virtue
To be good one must do good.
Principle of the Golden Mean
The virtue is always the median between two extremes of character.
Distributive justice
Concerned with the allocation of the goods and burdens of society to its respective members.
Corrective justice
concerns the determination and methods of punishments
Commutative justice
Associated with transactions and interchanges where one person feels unfairly treated
John Rawls Theory of Justice
Combines utilitarian and rights-bases concepts. Equal distribution unless a diferent distibution would benefit the disadvantaged. Inequalities of society should be to the benefit of those who are least advantaged. Utilitarian and Kantian.
Substantive justice
Just deserts, how one determines fair punishment for a particular offense.
Procedural Justice
concerns the steps we must take before administering punishment.
Retributive Justice
Criminal must suffer loss or pain propportional to what the victim was forced to suffer. (Tex Talionis, eye for an eye)
Utilitarian Justice
Goal is to benifit society by administering punishment to deter offenders from future crime. Deterrence not balance.
Justice
Fairness
Law
System of rules
Paradigm
#
# A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.
Consensus paradigm
Views society as a community sonsisting of likeminded individuals who agree on goals important for ultimate survival. Functionalist, law helps society grow and survive
Conflict paradigm
Views society as being made up of competing and conflicting interests. Governance based on power, those in power promote self interest not greater good
Pluralist paradigm
perception that society is made up of competing interests; however, 2 basic interest groups and power balance can shift if coalitions are formed. Dynamic societal changes.
Social Contract Theory
The idea that individuals give up the liberty to aggrees against others in return for protection