Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/9

Click to flip

9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three general subject areas into which philosophers usually divide ethics?
metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics

--http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/e/ethics.htm
What does the term "meta" mean, and how does it relate to metaethics?
The term "meta" means after or beyond. "...the notion of metaethics involves a removed, or bird's eye view of the entire project of ethics.

-http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/e/ethics.htm#Metaethics
What is a more formal definition of metaethics?
"We may define metaethics as the study of the origin and meaning of ethical concepts."
What are the two prominent issues in metaethics?
Metaphysical issues and psychological issues.
What does the metaphysical issue in ethics concern? What question does it deal with?
Does morality exist independently of humans?
What is metaphysics a study of?
The kinds of things that exist in the universe.
What does the metaphysical component of metaethics involve?
discovering specifically whether moral values are eternal truths that exist in a spirit-like realm, or simply human conventions
What are the two general directions that metaphysical metaethics takes?
The other-worldly and the this-worldly.
What do proponents of the other-worldly view hold?
"...that moral values are objective in the sense that they exist in a spirit-like realm beyond subjective human conventions. They also hold that they are absolute, or eternal, in that they never change, and also that they are universal insofar as they apply to all rational creatures around the world and throughout time."
-http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/e/ethics.htm#Metaphysical%20Issues:%20Objectivism%20and%20Relativism