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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Any position in ethics which claims that the rightness or wrongness of actions depends on their consequences
The descriptive theory that all human motivation is ultimately selfish or egoistic
Psychological Egoism
entitlements to do something without interference from other people or entitlements that obligate others to do something positive to assist you
The belief that there are no moral values or truth
believes hold that there is a natural order to human world, that this natural order is good, and that people therefore ought not to violate that order
Natural Law
ations or things which we use in order to accomplish those ends
Kant used this term when discussing the maxims, or subjective rules, that guide our actions
A moral theory that says that what is morally right is whatever produces the greatest amount of overall pleasure or hapiness
focuses primarily on what sort of person one should try to be
Virtue Ethics
"always act in such a way that the maxim of your action can be willed as a universal law" and "Act so as to use humanity, whether in your own person or in others, always as an end, and never merely as a means" An unconditional command
Categorial Imperative
in any given situation, any number of prima facie obligations may apply, and in the case of ethical dilemmas, they may even contradict one another. Nonetheless there can never be an unsolvable ethical dilemma.
Common Sense Morality
each groups beliefs are right withing that group, and it is impossible to validly judge another groups values from the outside
Cultural Relativism
Any position in ethics which claims that the rightness or wrongness of actions depends on whether they correspond to our duty or not.
each person out to act in his or her own self-interest
Ethical Egoism
each person's beliefs are relative to that person alone and cannot be judged from the outside by any other person
Ethical Subjectivism
the moral virtues was a mean between two corresponding vices
Golden Mean
conditional comman that can be put as an if...then statement. Does not apply to all people
Hypothetical Imperative
treats everyone as equal
word that kant used to refer to our sensuous feelings, emotions, and desires.