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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sensitive Information includes:
Age, income, number of arrests, drug, and alcohol use, sexual practices
Cannot be identified by the researcher or anyone else
Anonymity is violated when...
1) Personal identifying information is obtained (name, SS#, phone #)
2) You recognize or know the person
Protecting and not revealing information
Informed Consent
Subjects are provided with full information about their participation and includes their rights, risks, and what to expect
Agrees to participate
Instiutional Review Boards
Approve research efforts proposed by faculty and students.
IRBs decisions can be either..
1) Approve
2) Ask for revisions
3) Refuse
IRB reasons for refusal may include...
-too great a risk of harm
-seems to trivial or insignficant
Ethical Dilemma
A choice between 2 or more likely but balanced parts
Common ethical dilemmas include..
-Deception of participants
-Reimbursing participants
-Denial of treatment
It is helpful to do the following when dealing with an ethical dilemma...
1) Write down the problem
2) Discuss it with a colleague
3) Read books on ethical decision making
Ways Statistics are used to Lie include...
1) Misguiding by reporting only % percentages
2) Using misproportions
3) Presumption of similarity
4) Personal biases
5) Misrepresentation in graphics
Sample size influences...
the credability of an outcome
When making comparisons...
All elements must be as similar as possible
Personal biases can make it difficult to...
Present true and accurate pictures
Researchers should not choose a biased sample means...
That researchers should not choose persons that support their position
True or False.
The quality of a sample is not as important as the size of the sample.

The quality of a sample is just as important as its size.
When constructing categories for presentation in tables it is important to...
Apply equal intervals
Developing Categories for Qualitative Data
Developing Categories for Qualitative Data
Text Data
The data obtained from doing qualitative research
Data Transcription
Converting any data (printed, verbal, hand written) into a workable format
Written Record
A record of the research process as it unfolds and includes the variopus methodological and analytical decisions made
A written record is important because it...
1) Helps document decisions made
2) Allows others to verify steps
3) Provides details for replicating the study
Personal Notes includes...
All uncensored statements refelcting your thinking and feeing about work and people
4 Categories used in a written record
1) Observational Data
2) Methodological notes
3) Theoretical Notes
4) Personal Notes
Observational Data includes...
Concrete, detailed descriptions experienced through the 5 senses
Formally catagorizing
Methodological Notes includes...
A record of all methodological decisions (whom to interview, how to code)
Theoretical Notes includes...
A list of all initial impressions, explanations, and emerging hypotheses
Each numbered response in a qualitative study.
May include only one word or several pages of text
Steps to Coding
1) Identify meaningful pieces of data
2) Assign Intial codes
3) Review, Refine, and Reorganize Categories
4) Make Comparisons across Categories
When coding it is important to...
-Read through all the transcripts at least once without attempting to assign codes
-Deliniate the choices made and the reasons for those chocies
Open Coding is also known as...
First-level coding or Ad Hoc Classificatory scheme
A word, phase, symbol, abbreviation used to identify or label a piece of data as fitting into a specified category.
-helps to retreive and organize data
Open Coding
The first step towards classifcation where you categorize your data by putting similar pieces of data together.
Actions done during the 3rd step of coding...
-Reexamine the sorting decisions
-Make note of categories you expected to find but didn't
-Ask a colleage to test the analytic scheme by applying the sortinig criteria established to 1+ transcripts
Axial Coding is also known as...
Second-level coding
Axial Coding
Examining the relationships that occur among our categories
Patterns you find occuring among categories