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19 Cards in this Set

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saturated solution
Any solution that contains all the solute it can hold at a given temperature.673
unsaturated solution
Any solution that can dissolve more solute at a given temperature. 673
supersatuated solution
Any solution that contains more solute than a saturated solution at the same temperature. 674
ion
A charged particle that has either more or fewer electrons than protons. 676
electrolyte
A compound that breaks apart in water, forming charged particles (ions) that can conduct electricity.676
nonelectrolyte
A substance that does NOT ionize in water and CANNOT conduct electricity. 676
ionization
The process in which electrolytes dissolve in water and separate into charged particles. 676
dissociation
The process in which an ionic compound separates into its positive and neagative ions. 677
nonpolar
NOT having sepatated positive and nagative areas; nonpolar materials do NOT attract water molecules and do NOT dissolve easily in water. 681
hydrocarbon
Saturated OR unsaturated compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
concentration
How much solute is present in a solution compared to the amount of solvent.
alloy
A mixture of elements that has metallic properties.
conductivity
Property of metals and alloys that allows them to be good conductors of heat and electricity.
NON-Liquid solutions
Solutions can also be gaseous or even solid. EX- The air you breathe is a solution. Brass is a solution of copper and zinc. Solid solutions are ALLOYS.
solution
Homogeneous mixture that remains constantly and uniformly mixed and has particles that are so small they cnnot be seen with a microscope. 664
solute
In a solution, the substance being dissolved. 665
solvent
In a solution, the substance in which the solute is dissolved. 665
polar
Having separated positive and negative areas; polar materials attract water molecules and dissolve easily in water. 667
solubility
Maximum amount of a solute that can be disolved in a given amount of solvent at a given temperature. 671