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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name two materials early pigments were made from.
Berries,tree bark,minerals, insects,nuts,herbs,leaves, kohl,and henna.
Who is known for a long history of health practices?
The Asians
List 4 possible job opportunities in the esthetic field.
Salon/Spa Esty,Medical Esty,
Cosmetic Salesperson, Make-up Artist, Educator, Researcher, Manufacturer, Rep, Licensing and Examiner.
List 3 basics of personal hygiene.
Daily bathing, shampooing, skin care, wahing hands, brushing/flossing teeth, and deodorant.
What is the impression you project as a person engaged in the profession of esthetics?
Professional Image
What ability must you have to maintain a stress-free and productive environment where co-workers can rely on you?
Team member
What are the 2 types of bacteria and label which is beneficial and harmful.
Pathogenic-harmful
Non-pathogenic-beneficial
Explain how a bacteria differs from a virus.
A virus requires a host.
What does HIV stand for and what is the full name of AIDS called?
Human Immundefiiciency Virus
Aquried Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Name 2 ways HIV is transmitted.
Blood, semen, and vaginal secretions.
What is it called when a disease is spread from one person to another?
Contagious
What type of immunity is partly inherited and partly developed through hygenic living?
Natural immunity
Which kills all Microrganisms
Steriliztion or disinfection?
Sterilization
When should your workstation be disinfected?
Before and after each client.
What is the third level of decontamination called?
Sanitation
What is the study of the structures of the human body that can be seen by the naked eye?
Anotomy
What is the center of the cell?
Nucleus
What is constructive metabolism, the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones, called?
Anabolism
Brain
Controls the body
Kidneys
Excretes water and waste
Heart
Circulates the blood
Skin
Extrenal protective covering of the body
Eyes
Controls vision
Lungs
Supply oxygen to the blood
Liver
Removes toxic products of digestion
Stomach and intestines
Digests food
What are the flexible tubes that carry oxygentated blood away from the heart?
Arteries
What are the thin walled vescles that carry blood to the heart?
Veins
What are the minute vescles that connect smaller arteries to the veins?
Capillaries
What are Leukocytes?
White blood cells
What are the 3 forms of matter?
Solid, liquid and gas.
What does pH stand for?
Potential Hydrogen
What is the scale of pH?
0-14
Define emulsion
A mixture of two or more immiscible substances united with the aid of a emulsifier or binder.
What does hydrophilic mean?
Water loving
Define o/w
Oil in water
What are the two catagories products are broken into and describe each.
Functional-which help the product work
Performance-which are the key ingredients.
What does product comedogenicity mean?
The tendency of a topical substance to cause or worsen a build up of cells in the follicle leading to blackheads
What are the drawbacks to natural products?
Can cause allergic reaction, and has a short shelf life, and potential legal liabilities.
What are the 6 primary functions of the skin?
Protection, sensation, heat regulation, excretion, secretion, and absorption.
Name the five layers of the epidermis and briefly describe each.
Strat Germinatium-first layer basal,Strat Spinosum-spiny,Strat Granulosum-granular, Strat Lucidum-clear, Strat Corneum-outermost
What are the 2 layers of the Dermis, and briefly describe each.
Papillary-top layer, connects tissue to the dermis.
Reticular-bottom layer, contains collegen and elastin.
What is adipose tissue?
Fat
What 2 fluids nourish the skin?
Blood and Lymph.
Bulla
Larger blister
Cyst
Closed abnormal sac beneath the skin
Macule
Flat spot
Papule
Samll elevation without fluid
Pustule
Yellow center containing pus
Tubercle
Solid bump larger than a papule
Tumor
Abnormal mass from excessive cell multiplication
Vesicle
Small bisters
Wheal
Itchy lesion
Contact dermatitis
Allergic reaction form contact with a substance or chemical
Edema
Swelling
Erythema
Redness
Lipid
Fats
What are the 5 skin types
Dry, normal, combination, oily and sensitive.
What are the two benefits of a toner?
Removes residue of cleansers and and restores pH.
What skin type is most suitable for a clay mask?
Oily
Comedone
Blackhead
Milia
Whitehead
Couperous
Broken capillaries
Hperpigmentation
Brown spots, discoloration
What are the 2 most common physical sunblockers?
Titanium and Zinc
What are the 4 benefits of massage?
Increases circulation, relaxes client, improves metabolism, and helps muscle tone.
What are the 5 massage movements?
Effleurage. petrissage, friction, vibration, and tapotement.
What are 5 facial benefits?
Deep cleanses, exfoliates, increases circulation/detoxify, relaxes the sense/nerves/muscles, and stimulates skin function/metablism.
What are the steps of a basic facial?
Analyze,cleanse,analzye, cleanse,tone,steam, exfoliate,extration,massage, mask,tone, mositurize.
What is the dioper of the average lamp used by an esthetician?
5
Under the Woods Lamp, what color is normal healthy skin?
Blue/white
What are the 2 benefits of High Frequency?
Antisepic effect on the skin- oxygenates the skin, increase cell metabolism-stimulates circulation.
What are the benefits of Galvantic?
Saponification, iontophoresis,
cataphoresis, disincrustation,
anaphoresis.
What stage of hair growth is new hair produced?
Anagen
How long should the hair be for waxing to be effective?
1/4 inch
What are the 2 types of wax?
Hard and soft.
What are 3 benefits of peels?
Improves texture, increases CRF, reduces fine lines and hyperpigmentation of the skin.
levator anguli oris
(lih-vat-ur ang-yoo-ly oh-ris)
raises the mouth as in snarling
levator labii superioris
(lih-vat-ur lay-bee-eye-soo-peer-ee or-is)
raises the upper lip