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8 Cards in this Set

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What is the difference between growth and development?
The term “growth” refers to physical changes. Growth can be quantifiably measured, and it includes such things as dentition, height, weight, and bone size. On the other hand, the term “development” refers to changes in behavior over time. Development is illustrated in such things as the abilities to walk, run, and communicate.
Define “spiritual development” and identify at least two differences between Fowler’s and Westerhoff’s theories of spiritual development.
Spiritual development refers to the process by which a person develops a relationship to the universe and finds meaning in his or her life. For Fowler, spiritual growth and development takes place in seven stages that must occur in sequence, and each stage develops from a combination of knowledge and values. For Westerhoff, however, spiritual development is a four-stage process that is heavily dependent on the practices of one’s family.
Why is a life span approach to health problems important in the provision of comprehensive care?
A life span approach to health problems assists the nurse in planning specific interventions that can help a person and his or her family face both acute and chronic health problems. A life span approach can additionally help the nurse and the family plan and develop preventative strategies.
In the assessment phase of the nursing process, what are some areas the nurse would consider to determine a client’s health status?
During the assessment phase, the nurse would want to consider such things as risk behaviors; health promotion activities; physical activity level; sexual behaviors and attitudes; family type and degree of family support; dental care habits; and environmental issues. The client should also be screened for tobacco, alcohol, and drug use; exposure to tuberculosis; and safe sex practices.
In which phase of the nursing process would the nurse use established standards and protocols?
The use of established standards and protocols will help during the planning phase. For example, the American Nurses Association (ANA) Standards of Practice, state nurse practice acts, and the taxonomy of nursing interventions can all help move a patient toward the anticipated outcomes. Healthy People 2010 can also be used to identify outcomes.
What type of health promotion information can be provided to all clients during the implementation phase of the nursing process?
Examples of health promotion information that can be provided to clients during the implementation phase include an examination of the impact of physical activity on health and the prevention of chronic conditions; a discussion of the dietary nutrients essential to healing and recovery; instruction regarding safety measures; education on menopause; and provision of information on breast and testicular self-exams.
During which phase of the nursing process would the nurse be particularly concerned about continuity of care? Provide at least two examples of continuity of care.
Continuity of care is a central concern during the implementation phase. Common examples of ensuring continuity of care include such things as referring patients to visiting nurse associations for home health follow-up; teaching the family how to use adaptive utensils; referring a mother to the local Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program for post-discharge assistance; or reporting child abuse.
The evaluation phase of the nursing process analyzes the effectiveness of the care provided and the client’s response to that care. What other area should be evaluated during this phase?
The final component of the evaluation phase looks at the patient’s response to the care provided by other team members. For instance, the nurse might note that a patient has increased his or her ability to use adaptive utensils after working with the occupational therapist. The nurse might also report that a child is eating more vegetables as he or she becomes more accustomed to them with an aide’s encouragement.