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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Court employee who keeps order in the courtroom
1. Bailiff:
A group of citizens called upon to hear the evidence and render a verdict
2. Jury:
The group from which the jury is selected
3. Jury Panel:
The questioning of potential prospective jurors
4. Voir Dire:
A person hears the entire case with the jury, but who will not deliberate or vote on a verdict unless one of the jurors is dismissed
5. Alternate Juror:
A manner in which to dismiss a juror for good reason. Challenges for cause are unlimited.
6. Challenge for cause:
A manner in which to dismiss a juror for which no reason has to be given. These challenges are limited in number, usually from three or six.
7. Preemptory Challenge:
Opening presentations in which both attorneys outline the facts
they intend to prove during the trial
8. Opening Statements:
The degree to which something must be proved at trial. The party making an allegation generally bears the burden of proof.
9. Burden of Proof:
Burden of proof in civil cases. This standard means that it is more likely than not that a fact is as a party alleges it to be.
10. Preponderance of the Evidence:
A rule barring witnesses from the courtroom during the testimony of
other witnesses
11. Rule on Witnesses:
A document issued under authority of the court to compel the appearance of a witness
12. Subpoena:
A document issued under authority of the court to compel the appearance of a witness, with documents
13. Subpoena Duces Tecum:
A formal challenge, usually regarding evidence or a question that has been asked of a witness by the other side
14. Objection:
A discussion between the judge and attorneys, usually at the
judge’s bench so that the jury cannot hear what is being said
15. Side Bar/Bench Conference:
Tending to cause bias, even where no bias existed previously
16. Prejudicial:
The value of pursuing an investigative (probing) line of questioning
17. Probative Value:
An attorney making statements or repeating a previously overruled motion for the purpose of protecting any right to appeal at a later point
18. Preserving the Record:
If a matter is not objected to at trial, it may not be
appealed at a later point. An attorney is careful to object to any matter that may be a
point of appeal should the client lose.
19. Preserving the Right of Appeal:
To deny an objection
20. Overrule:
To affirm an objection
21. Sustain:
Legal capacity to testify
22. Competency:
Questions directed at a witness who is under oath in court or at a deposition
23. Examination:
The event or point at which a series of incidents begin that ultimately result in an event that produces damages
24. Proximate Cause:
Establishment of a duty, followed by a breach of that duty, resutling in damages.
25. Negligence:
Instruct the jury to leave the courtroom temporarily
26. Excuse the Jury:
A reason or reasons
27. Grounds:
Tending to prove or disprove a fact
28. Relevant:
To have certain testimony removed from the record of the trial.
This action is usually accompanied by an admonition to the jury members that they are not to consider the stricken testimony they are deliberate.
29. Strike from the Record:
The person or persons responsible for the court files and exhibits.
30. Clerk of Court: